Wittgenstein: Opening Investigations by Michael Luntley

By Michael Luntley

During this provocatively compelling new e-book, Michael Luntley deals a progressive examining of the outlet portion of Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations

  • Critically engages with the latest exegetical literature on Wittgenstein and different cutting-edge philosophical work
  • Encourages the re-incorporation of Wittgenstein stories into the mainstream philosophical conversation
  • Has profound results for the way we move directly to learn the remainder of Wittgenstein’s significant work
  • Makes an important contribution not just to the literature on Wittgenstein, but in addition to experiences in philosophy of language

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Extra resources for Wittgenstein: Opening Investigations

Example text

It is useful to distinguish three parts to the Augustine passage that Wittgenstein quotes. The first part is the claim about grasping that grown‐ups name things by making sounds and turning towards things. This is the first sentence of the quotation: When grown‐ups named some object and at the same time turned towards it, I perceived this, and I grasped that the thing was signified by the sound they uttered, since they meant to point it out. Part 2 is the next two sentences that comprise the bulk of the quotation.

Michael Luntley. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Published 2015 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1 Wittgenstein This provides, in passing, an answer to question (i): Augustine is used, rather than a more recent author, because this reveals the profundity of the critique that Wittgenstein is about to launch. He is setting out to critique something that is so basic to theorizing about linguistic meaning and ­language acquisition that it can be sourced in the autobiography of a fourth‐century monk. 1 Furthermore, Augustine is the source for what is being critiqued.

The discussion of ostensive definition does not start until §27, so the idea that it is, somehow, implicated at the very beginning is, at best, contentious and stands in need of clear textual support. Some commentators take it as implicitly in the frame from the beginning (Hacker, 1975; Stern, 2004). Some are a little more guarded, although, if ostensive definition is taken as part of the Augustinian Conception and that is supposed to be under critique from the start, then one must assume that ostensive definition is also implicitly under critique (McGinn, 2013).

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