Wittgenstein and William James by Russell B. Goodman
By Russell B. Goodman
Книга Wittgenstein and William James Wittgenstein and William James Книги Психология, философия Автор: Russell B. Goodman Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Cambridge collage Press Страниц: 224 Размер: 1,2 Mb ISBN: 0521813158 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:This ebook explores Wittgenstein's lengthy engagement with the paintings of the pragmatist William James. unlike earlier discussions, Russell Goodman argues that James exerted a particular and pervasive optimistic impact on Wittgenstein's proposal. He indicates that either proportion commitments to anti-foundationalism, to the outline of the concrete information of human event, and to the concern of perform over mind. contemplating intimately what Wittgenstein learnt from his interpreting of William James, Goodman presents significant facts for Wittgenstein's declare that he's announcing "something that appears like pragmatism."
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Extra info for Wittgenstein and William James
In all our discussions about the intelligence of lower animals the only test we use is that of their acting as if for a purpose” (PP, 941). ”38 This line would serve equally well as a motto for some main themes of The Principles of Psychology. The Principles of Psychology is more than a work of psychology, despite James’s repeated declarations that he will avoid philosophical issues. Among the many philosophical pronouncements James makes is a statement that anticipates the holistic humanism developed in Pragmatism: It is conceivable that several rival theories should equally well include the actual order of our sensations in their scheme.
28 Wittgenstein and William James This is the first of the differences between Wittgenstein’s and James’s pragmatism to which I now want to call attention. ” This is not just the positivist’s claim that “we decide” what is logically true, making it for example into a “rule”; for Wittgenstein is quite clear that “decision” does not come into it, that we don’t choose our language games (OC, 317), and that language “did not emerge from some kind of ratiocination” (OC, 475). Wittgenstein uses the passive voice in saying that “a proposition may get treated .
Wittgenstein criticizes what seems to be a pragmatic theory of validity in an unpublished work from the early thirties, entitled Philosophical Grammar: “If I want to carve a block of wood into a particular shape any cut that gives it the right shape is a good one. ” Pragmatism was thus “in the air” throughout Wittgenstein’s life, something he is likely to have heard others speak of, and which he brought up from time to time in his writing and conversation – but Varieties of Pragmatic Experience 17 never favorably.