Understanding Wittgenstein by Royal Institute of Philosophy (auth.)
By Royal Institute of Philosophy (auth.)
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Additional info for Understanding Wittgenstein
G. 'sepia' as the colour of the standard sepia kept hermetically sealed there. Such a sample will be not something represented, but a means of representation (PI, I, so). 3751). FACT AND COMPLEX The most interesting of the later criticisms of the Tractatus is contained in an essay of 1931 entitled 'Komplex und Tatsache' which appears as an appendix both to the Philosophische Bemerkungen and to the Philosophische Grammatik. I will quote the crucial part, in Roger White's translation. Complex is not like fact.
But in the Tractatus it is taken as a symbol for simultaneous negation. The successive application of it brings, often, a multiple combination of negations. Suppose you apply simultaneous negation twice simultaneously in the same operation. No doubt there is a rule to tell you what happens here. But is this rule itself derived from 'the nature of negation'? When Wittgenstein returned to philosophy (II or 12 years after the Tractatus), he would return in his manuscripts again and again to negation, and often to 'the law of double negation'.
There is one preliminary remark that needs making: the argument that I have sketched out I have developed with reference to proper names, but the points at issue are by no means restricted to names: proper names have figured so largely in the account so far for two reasons: Firstly and most simply that the Tractatus account of language, the so-called picture theory highlights the role of proper names in language and it is therefore in the context of a discussion The Tractatus and the Sense of Propositions 23 of names that the argument will naturally be developed.