Underground. The Way to the Future by Georg Anagnostou, Heinz Ehrbar

By Georg Anagnostou, Heinz Ehrbar

Underground – how you can the future was once the motto of the realm Tunnel Congress 2013 in Geneva, Switzerland. using underground area has won value over the past years as a result of the great worldwide urbanization, the excessive call for on transportation capacities and effort creation. All this lead to a much broader diversity of use of underground area: in addition to the conventional highway, railway, metro and software tunnels, a growing number of different functionalities of recent existence are put lower than flooring on the way to loose the outside for different makes use of. The three hundred papers of the current e-book conceal very important facets of recent underground infrastructures: improvement and use of underground house; undertaking making plans and implementation (construction administration, hazard keep watch over, expense estimation and scheduling, contracting practices); layout and research tools and concerns; building know-how advancements; tunnel operation (safety, upkeep, rehabilitation and repair); case histories (learning from mess ups, lengthy deep tunnels, underground development for hydropower).

Underground – easy methods to the future may be worthwhile to experts, contractors and layout engineers in underground making plans, development and tunnelling world wide, and to lecturers drawn to underground and geotechnical engineering.

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These are designed not only to transport people efficiently around the city but also provide shopping centres and public amenities. In recent years we have also witnessed an increasing use of underground space, where conditions are favourable, for installing a variety of facilities essential to the wellbeing of the city but not “ornamental” such as reservoirs , refuse disposal facilities, military installation, parking and underground storage. In recent years there has also been a move to locate cultural facilities such as auditoriums, libraries, galleries and museums underground.

Waferfab is a multiple-structure complex with the main office situated on the surface connected to two main caverns, which serve as the production and storage facilities, by two access galleries with a length of about 100 m each. The combined central utility building solution including a shallow cavern was compared with an open green-field solution in terms of accessibility, safety and economical criteria. The combined central utility building solution showed a high potential for cost savings during construction and operation, mainly due to natural cooling effects and constant climate conditions throughout the year.

The quality and accuracy can be of a higher quality with factory production techniques • The jacking loads are greatly reduced which in turn means less jacks and reaction provision • The accuracy of the line and level of the finished structure can be a few millimeters. Clients are increasingly looking to the construction industry to innovate and provide more efficient, cost effective methods of underground construction with less disruption to above ground infrastructure and service operations. The advent of modular techniques for none disruptive installation of underground spaces has developed over recent years with various configurations of structural elements and applications in soft soils.

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