U.S. Astronomy and Astrophysics: Managing an Integrated by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Physics and Astronomy, Space Studies Board, Committee on the Organization and Management of Research in Astronomy and Astrophysics

Committee at the association and administration of analysis in Astronomy and Astrophysics, area experiences Board, Board on Physics and Astronomy, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide learn Council

In its economic yr 2002 price range precis record the Bush management expressed concern-based partly at the findings and conclusions of 2 nationwide learn Council studies-about fresh traits within the federal investment of astronomy and astrophysics learn. The President's finances blueprint prompt that now's the time to deal with those matters and directed the nationwide technology beginning (NSF) and the nationwide Aeronautics and house management (NASA) to set up a blue ribbon panel to (1) investigate the organizational effectiveness of the federal learn company in astronomy and astrophysics, (2) ponder the professionals and cons of shifting NSF's astronomy obligations to NASA, and (3) recommend substitute strategies for addressing concerns within the administration and association of astronomical and astrophysical learn. NASA and NSF requested the nationwide learn Council to hold out the swift evaluate asked through the President. This file, concentrating on the jobs of NSF and NASA, offers the result of that overview.

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U.S. Astronomy and Astrophysics: Managing an Integrated Program

Committee at the association and administration of study in Astronomy and Astrophysics, area experiences Board, Board on Physics and Astronomy, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide study Council

In its financial yr 2002 price range precis record the Bush management expressed concern-based partly at the findings and conclusions of 2 nationwide learn Council studies-about contemporary tendencies within the federal investment of astronomy and astrophysics examine. The President's finances blueprint recommended that now could be the time to handle those matters and directed the nationwide technological know-how beginning (NSF) and the nationwide Aeronautics and house management (NASA) to set up a blue ribbon panel to (1) determine the organizational effectiveness of the federal examine firm in astronomy and astrophysics, (2) think about the professionals and cons of shifting NSF's astronomy duties to NASA, and (3) recommend replacement ideas for addressing matters within the administration and association of astronomical and astrophysical learn. NASA and NSF requested the nationwide learn Council to hold out the quick review asked by means of the President. This document, concentrating on the jobs of NSF and NASA, presents the result of that evaluation.

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Continued success depends on making some adjustments to the current system to realize the ambitious priorities for the future that have been set forth in the most recent decadal survey report. An integrated national program that fully exploits the synergies of ground- and space-based observations over all wavelengths and using new probes such as gravity waves and neutrinos is needed to address the challenges of the new millennium. Implications of the Interdependence of Space- and Ground-based Astronomy Innovative facilities require an integrated system and new approaches to coordination.

Nevertheless, NSF still strives to remain flexible to enable it to respond to changing directions in research as proposed by individual investigators. This broader orientation, in contrast to NASA’s emphasis, reflects a more “bottom-up” approach to management. S. ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS There are several fundamental issues to be addressed when considering the advantages and disadvantages of the transfer of NSF’s astronomy and astrophysics responsibilities to NASA: • Integration of ground- and space-based research It is certainly plausible that a well-integrated program would emerge if all astronomy and astrophysics operations were the responsibility of a single agency.

While the committee observed that NASA gets good marks in general for its project management expertise, some projects have encountered difficulties. Typically, when cost growth has occurred during the development of a scientific mission, the mission specifications, including science goals, have been modified to keep the expected overall cost below a specified ceiling. The Office of Space Science maintains the federally chartered Space Science Advisory Committee under the auspices of the NASA Advisory Council.

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