The Sociology of Islam: Secularism, Economy and Politics by Tugrul Keskin
By Tugrul Keskin
The contributions of Islam to global civilization are indisputable. besides the fact that, within the final a hundred years, Muslims were faced with the consequences and ramifications of modernity, brought on by the emergence of worldwide capitalism. What does modernity eventually suggest for Muslims? How will the ancient precepts of Islam meet the adjustments in our globalized global? so far, so much students on Islam have attempted to appreciate Muslim societies from ancient statement on my own. This simplistic educational method doesn't let us comprehend the complete transformation that has taken position in Muslim societies. Sociological scholarship, however, argues that it'd be obscure Islam with out first figuring out the theoretical and sensible underpinnings of the social constitution of Muslim societies, that are embedded within the dating among faith, the economic climate, politics, and society. This publication, for this reason, makes a connection among the commercial process and its social and political effects inside Muslim societies. to do that, it examines the function of Islam inside of Muslim societies within the context of ongoing and more and more robust neoliberal financial techniques in a globalized global. The Muslim realizing of secularism, modernity, the nation, collective id, immigration, and Islamic political suggestion and financial lifestyles are all formed via forces of globalization and new marketplace stipulations. despite the fact that, it is a jointly constitutive approach, as Islam additionally affects the West and its perceptions of Islam due to the interdependent relatives led to by means of the worldwide economic climate. those interdependencies create social and political transformation on either side.
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Extra info for The Sociology of Islam: Secularism, Economy and Politics
40 In short, property is withdrawn from individual or government ownership and its rent is used for public necessities, as chosen by the donor. In the sixteenth- and seventeenth-century Ottoman era, a significant portion of the land in the Islamic world, up to 40–50 per cent, was endowed in this way and thus lay outside private ownership. 41 It can be argued that by thus catering to the needs of the society, waqfs played an important role in maintaining social stability and provided the basis for civil society.
In the context of the global marketplace, the reaction by Islamic groups to global market forces differs depending on the state structure and the prevailing economic and political context in which they emerged. Different environments produce different types of Islamic movements with different objectives. First, there are the Shari’a-based movements that attempt to create an Islamic state; these demonstrate the Islamization of everyday life or a metaphorical return to the golden age of Islam and the re-establishment of the Islamic order.
This is part of what Polanyi means by his claim that ‘laissez-faire was planned’; it requires statecraft and repression to impose the logic of the market and its attendant risks on ordinary people. 24 With the full development of capitalism, principles of profit and economic rationalism have attained complete control over, and fashion, all economic relationships. The utilization of science and technology by the emerging economic institutions has changed the characteristics of the economic system.