The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1788 by Winter

By Winter

The Shiites of Lebanon below Ottoman Rule presents a brand new viewpoint at the formerly missed background of the Shiites as a constituent of Lebanese society. wintry weather provides a background of the neighborhood prior to the nineteenth century, dependent totally on unpublished Ottoman Turkish records. From those, he examines how neighborhood Shiites have been good built-in within the Ottoman method of rule, and that Lebanon as an self sufficient entity simply built during the 18th century during the marginalization after which violent removal of the indigenous Shiite leaderships through an more and more strong Druze-Maronite emirate. As such the ebook recovers the Ottoman-era heritage of a bunch which has consistently been overlooked in chronicle-based works, and in doing so, essentially calls into query the ancient position inside 'Lebanon' of what has this day develop into the country's biggest and so much activist sectarian neighborhood.

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Extra resources for The Shiites of Lebanon under Ottoman Rule, 1516-1788

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This alliance of Druze warlords and Maronite peasants and churchmen, amply recorded and memorialized by Christian chroniclers of the day, has become the founding myth of modern Lebanon – generally to the exclusion of other actors and groups whose historical realities did not fit into the narrative of a timeless, uniform, ecumenical Lebanese particularism. The history of the Shiite communities and their leaderships in the early modern period challenges this narrative in several important respects.

Writing on Lebanon in the Middle Ages, Muhammad ‘Ali Makki has emphasized the shared experience of persecution among the Christian and heterodox Muslim mountaineers, effectively bringing the Shiites into the Lebanese ‘mountain refuge’ community; Muhammad Jabir Al Safa (d. 5 However, pioneer revisionist historian ‘Ali al-Zayn (d. 1984), and to a lesser degree Al Safa as well, have also insisted on Jabal ‘Amil’s freedom from Ma‘nid and Shihabi control, and argued that the Lebanese Shi‘a was able to hold both the Druze emirate and Ottoman sovereignty at arm’s length.

Süleymaniye Kütüphanesi, Istanbul: I. Serez 1451. The catalogue title (‘Treatise on the Refutation of the Rafızis’) does not actually appear in the manuscript. 22 Shiism in the Ottoman Empire rare interest in the actual history of Ottoman–Safavid relations and reproduces two lengthy chancery letters, one from Sultan Selim to Shah Ismail and the other from Süleyman to Tahmasb, replete with colourful taunts and threats of war. The treatise ends with a plea to Murad IV to ‘abrogate the abominable rule of Shiism’ and annex Persia, but makes no reference yet to the Safavids’ reoccupation of Iraq; it can thus probably be dated to the early 1620s.

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