The Role of the Press and Communication Technology in by Aje-Ori Anna Agbese

By Aje-Ori Anna Agbese

Within the Nineties, Nigeria, like any international locations in Asia, Africa, jap Europe and Latin the US, underwent transition courses to come the rustic to democracy. Nigeria’s democratization within the Nineteen Nineties was once a civil and foreign circulation to loose Nigeria from over twenty years of authoritarian army rule. Agbese examines the position and schedule of the Nigerian press within the democratization technique, highlighting the grave demanding situations the Nigerian press confronted – such as jail, arrest, and assassination – in pushing for democratization in Nigeria.  

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Some, like Ken Saro Wiwa, Alfred Rewane and Kudirat Abiola, were assassinated (Njoku, 2001). Even more people, particularly former politicians and cabinet members, were jailed under the guise that they knew of two coup plots against Abacha in 42 The Role of the Press and Communication Technology 1994 and 1997 (Oyewole & Lucas, 2000). Those who feared persecution fled the country and continued to oppose the government from abroad. Subsequently, the Commonwealth of Nations suspended Nigeria from its organization and the United States, Canada, Britain, South Africa and other countries placed sanctions on Nigeria.

If literacy rates are low, a large segment of the population will not get the information and participate in the process. Regarding press traditions, Campbell (1996) suggests examining the history of the country’s press to see if there is a tradition of opposition and fighting for press freedom, as well as the press’ professional orientation. When a country’s press does not have such traditions, like most Eastern European countries, it might be docile during democratization as it never voiced opposition and does not know where to begin (Raichev, 2002).

In the end, five registered parties were in full support of and supported by the government—the United Nigeria Congress Party, the Democratic Party of Nigeria, Grassroots Democratic Movement, and the National Center Party. Local government elections took place and the government disqualified any candidate it did not sponsor. Furthermore, anyone in the approved parties that announced intentions to run for president was threatened. For example, the leader of the National Center Party, Don Etiebet, was beaten and detained when he expressed his intentions to run for president.

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