The Muslims of Medieval Italy (New Edinburgh Islamic by Alex Metcalfe
By Alex Metcalfe
This crucial new paintings specializes in the formation and disintegration of Arab-Muslim rule and society in Sicily and south Italy among 800 and 1300 which resulted in the production of an everlasting Muslim-Christian frontier throughout the age of the Crusades. It examines the lengthy and momentary effect of Islamic authority and tradition on those areas and the way they later fell into the fingers of ecu rulers, explaining how the Norman conquest of Sicily got here to import noticeably varied dynamics to the critical Mediterranean. The swap of ruling elites left a majority Muslim inhabitants less than Christian rule, however the Sicilian kings additionally followed and tailored political ideologies from south Mediterranean regimes whereas soaking up cultural impacts from the various peoples over whom they governed. This paintings presents an enticing, professional and wide-ranging advent to the topic and gives clean and transparent insights into the politico-religious, socio-economic and cultural evolution of Europe and the Islamic global. (10/1/10)
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Additional resources for The Muslims of Medieval Italy (New Edinburgh Islamic Surveys)
On the Aghlabid dynasty, see also Mohamed Talbi, L’Émirat aghlabide, 184–296/800–909: histoire politique (Paris, 1966). Mohamed Talbi, ‘Law and economy in IfrÈqiya (Tunisia), in the Third Islamic century: agriculture and the role of slaves in the country’s economy’ in The Islamic Middle East 700–1900: Studies on Economic and Social History, A. L. ) (Princeton, 1981), pp. 209–49. The fullest accounts of Euphemios’ revolt are found in Ibn al-AthÈr, BAS2 Ar. I:270–1; BAS2 It. I:364–6 and al-NuwayrÈ, BAS2 Ar.
The minor and sniping details of KhalfËn’s presumed ethnicity and social status were also applied to subsequent rulers of Bari, supporting the notion that these warlord adventurers were originally attached to, but were not acting in accordance with, Aghlabid forces on Sicily itself. KhalfËn’s tactics and rapport with other local forces are supplied by Latin sources, but again they mark him out as a mercenary continuing disruptive raids and forming fragile alliances. Thus, for example, in 848, he was in alliance with Radelchis and Beneventan forces in an attack against Capua.
Philip K. Hitti, The Origins of the Islamic State (New York, 1916–24; reprinted, 2002), pp. 371–2. Ibn al-AthÈr, BAS2 Ar. 285–6; BAS2 It. 390–1. For an important discussion of the impact of Muslim raids in the region, see Armano O. Citarella and Henry M. Willard, The Ninth-Century Treasure of Monte Cassino in the Context of Political and Economic Developments in South Italy (Montecassino, 1983). The name is clearly problematic. Óabla means a rope-like grapevine. Ibn al-AthÈr gives the name as ÓayÅ.