The Mosaics of Roman Crete: Art, Archaeology and Social by Rebecca J. Sweetman

By Rebecca J. Sweetman

This ebook examines the wealthy corpus of mosaics created in Crete through the Roman and past due old eras. It presents crucial details at the type, iconography, and chronology of the fabric, in addition to dialogue of the craftspeople who created them and the applied sciences they used. The contextualized mosaic facts additionally finds a brand new figuring out of Roman and past due old Crete. It is helping make clear the tactics wherein Crete turned a part of the Roman Empire, its next Christianization, and the pivotal function the island performed within the Mediterranean community of societies in the course of those classes. This e-book presents an unique method of the learn of mosaics and an cutting edge approach to providing a diachronic view of provincial Cretan society.

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Extra resources for The Mosaics of Roman Crete: Art, Archaeology and Social Change

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The Archaeology of Crete workshop on Crete. E. 128 At the western edge of Chania’s Roman city, two first- to second-century kilns were revealed. 132 Late Antique kilns in Gortyn133 and Kisamos134 have extended the evidence of industrial areas for the period on the island. Both are likely to have functioned primarily for local production. 135 Whetstones may have been quarried and exported from Olus, but there is little secure evidence for this. 142 As can be seen from the plans of the major urban centres (Figs.

12–16), several different industries appear to be grouped together to form well-defined industrial areas in Roman Cretan towns. 3 Agriculture As few farms have been excavated, there is a reliance on survey evidence and on extrapolation from other data like ceramics to establish general farming practices. In addition to pastoralism and crop production, small diversified industries !

24 6 ! 2 The Hellenistic Background From literary sources such as Livy, Dio and Diodorus there are two key traditional (if not overtly propagandist) beliefs: that the inclusion of Crete in the Roman Empire was necessary so that the Mediterranean would be free from pirates, and that the Romans brought peace and prosperity to the warring islanders of Crete. 25 This view is over-simplified, and it is increasingly apparent that all of Hellenistic Crete was not as under-developed and economically restrained as once believed.

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