The Great Barrier Reef: Biology, Environment and Management by P. A. Hutchings
By P. A. Hutchings
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Additional info for The Great Barrier Reef: Biology, Environment and Management
The rotation of the Earth ( Coriolis effect) results in a slight change in current direction with depth. In the southern hemisphere, average transport in the Eckman layer is to the left (opposite for northern hemisphere). ENSO. El Nino Southern Oscillation (deﬁned in the text) Halocline. The region of transition between low salinity waters and high salinity waters. Internal wave. The result of a deformation or perturbation of the thermocline. Internal waves can be solitary (solitons), or often occur in groups (packets).
Because reefs are built mainly during rising sea levels, and the highest sea levels are associated with interglacial periods, much of our attention is attracted towards GBR reef growth during the interglacial high sea level episodes of the last 500 000 years. But the GBR, like reefs elsewhere in the tropics, survived during lower sea level stands as well. In this chapter we explore the life and times of the GBR and the dynamic ecological response of coral reefs to constant environmental change.
Modiﬁed from Wolanski and van Senden 1982). B, Satellite image of the plume from the Burdekin River (lower right) in February 2007. The plume ﬂowed up the coast and joined the plume of the Herbert River (opposite Brittomart Reef), before it was advected about 50 km into the Coral Sea near Cairns. The ‘marine snow’ ﬂocs from these plumes are very sticky and readily smother coral polyps and cause mortality of juvenile corals. ) However, upwelling has been documented along the shelf break of the GBR and the resultant mixing of nutrients with planktonic assemblages results in clear chlorophyll signatures that can be detected from space (Fig.