The Fortress of the Raven: Karak in the Middle Islamic by Professor Marcus Milwright

By Professor Marcus Milwright

Textual and archaeological assets are hired to reconstruct the historical past of Karak in Jordan, 1100-1650 CE. The ebook establishes the ways that the development of a massive citadel at Karak affected the city and the encompassing rural hinterland.

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Extra resources for The Fortress of the Raven: Karak in the Middle Islamic Period, 1100-1650 (Islamic History and Civilization)

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17 Lands east of the Ghawr and south of the Yarmūk river became part of the jund al-Dimashq. This southern portion of the jund was split into the districts (s. 18 Under the Abbasids it is probable that the administrative division of southern Jordan remained largely unchanged until the end of the ninth century. In the tenth century the kūra of Ma āb may have been placed into the jund al-Filas īn, although the geographer and traveller Muqaddasī (d. 19 Muqaddasī’s account may describe a new administrative unit designed to take in all the land south of the Wādī al-Mūjib.

Where appropriate, I have noted the nature of the relatedness between Karak pieces and their comparanda (profile, ceramic fabric, method of construction, glaze type, surface decoration, and so on). Petrographic analysis provides one of the most reliable means of 44 Of course, there were archaeologists working earlier in the twentieth century who devoted considerable effort to the exploration and publication of the excavations of Islamic sites. N. Johns ( Athlīth, Jerusalem Citadel), B. Bagatti ( Ayn Kārim, Qubayba), S.

In 1181 Reynald of Châtillon launched a raid from Karak against the ajj station of Taymā and captured a caravan bound for Mecca. 52 For descriptions of the naval expedition it is necessary to rely upon the accounts of Arab historians and travellers. Of the Crusader sources, only Ernoul (fl. late 12th) mentions it, and he characterises it as some sort of voyage of exploration. 53 Reynald must have 49 For the remainder of the 1170s and the early 1180s he concentrated his attention not on the Kingdom of Jerusalem, but against the Zangid princes in northern Syria and Mesopotamia.

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