The European Economy 1914-1990 by Derek H. Aldcroft

By Derek H. Aldcroft

This new version of the eu financial system 1914-1980 has been up-dated and revised to take account of the last decade 1980-90 and, as such, covers one of the most dramatic and profound financial occasions of the 20th century. the ecu economic climate 1914-1990 comprises extra chapters, one facing the Western eu economies, and specifically, the struggle opposed to inflation and unempolyment, which ruled the interval. bankruptcy nine assesses the excellent occasions in jap Europe and the preliminary hobbies in the direction of the institution of industry economies.

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In the circumstances it is not surprising that severe corrective action was taken to control the boom. It did appear to be getting somewhat out of hand during the course of 1919 and the rapid rise in prices in particular was bound to give grounds for alarm given the prevailing conditions in much of Europe, where lax financial policies were seen as being a powerful force in the inflationary spiral. If the boom did not break through natural forces then the danger of continuing inflation was real, given no change in government policy.

After 1923 things quietened down somewhat and by the middle of 1924 the outlook was generally more favourable to sustained progress than at any time since the armistice. Even so there were still events which gave cause for alarm; Germany and Poland in 1924 experienced partial stabilization crises, while in the following year the French and Belgian currencies weakened seriously at a time when other countries, notably Britain, Switzerland and Norway, were experiencing deflationary pressures in connection with the return to gold.

The latter increased rapidly after 1922, and by 1926 they had risen by 56 per cent, at which point they were over one-third greater than in 1913. The economy still suffered from weak spots and France nearly paid the price of inflationary financing in a collapse of the currency, but she was probably one of the few countries to gain on balance from inflation and currency depreciation. Belgium had a somewhat similar experience, though here the recovery effort was not so impressive. Of the belligerent powers Italy’s post-war performance was probably the most spectacular.

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