The Dream and the Tomb: A History of the Crusades by Robert Payne
By Robert Payne
It is a finished account of the 8 spiritual wars among the Christian West and the Muslim East that ruled the center a long time. Calling themselves "pilgrims of Christ," millions of Europeans from all stations in existence undertook the cruel and bloody quest to reclaim Jerusalem, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, and Christ's tomb for Christendom. Robert Payne brings to lifestyles each step of the Crusaders' thousand-mile trip: the deprivation; the determined, rapacious, and brutal raids for nutrition and provides; the epic battles for Antioch, Jerusalem, and Acre; the barbarous remedy of captives; and the quarreling ecu princes who vied for energy and wealth within the close to East. An epic story of the fantastic and the bottom, of unshakable religion and unspeakable atrocities, The Dream and the Tomb captures not just the occasions however the very essence of the Crusades.
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Extra resources for The Dream and the Tomb: A History of the Crusades
On the Aghlabid dynasty, see also Mohamed Talbi, L’Émirat aghlabide, 184–296/800–909: histoire politique (Paris, 1966). Mohamed Talbi, ‘Law and economy in IfrÈqiya (Tunisia), in the Third Islamic century: agriculture and the role of slaves in the country’s economy’ in The Islamic Middle East 700–1900: Studies on Economic and Social History, A. L. ) (Princeton, 1981), pp. 209–49. The fullest accounts of Euphemios’ revolt are found in Ibn al-AthÈr, BAS2 Ar. I:270–1; BAS2 It. I:364–6 and al-NuwayrÈ, BAS2 Ar.
The minor and sniping details of KhalfËn’s presumed ethnicity and social status were also applied to subsequent rulers of Bari, supporting the notion that these warlord adventurers were originally attached to, but were not acting in accordance with, Aghlabid forces on Sicily itself. KhalfËn’s tactics and rapport with other local forces are supplied by Latin sources, but again they mark him out as a mercenary continuing disruptive raids and forming fragile alliances. Thus, for example, in 848, he was in alliance with Radelchis and Beneventan forces in an attack against Capua.
Philip K. Hitti, The Origins of the Islamic State (New York, 1916–24; reprinted, 2002), pp. 371–2. Ibn al-AthÈr, BAS2 Ar. 285–6; BAS2 It. 390–1. For an important discussion of the impact of Muslim raids in the region, see Armano O. Citarella and Henry M. Willard, The Ninth-Century Treasure of Monte Cassino in the Context of Political and Economic Developments in South Italy (Montecassino, 1983). The name is clearly problematic. Óabla means a rope-like grapevine. Ibn al-AthÈr gives the name as ÓayÅ.