The Divergence of Judaism and Islam: Interdependence, by Michael M. Laskier, Yaacov Lev
By Michael M. Laskier, Yaacov Lev
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Additional resources for The Divergence of Judaism and Islam: Interdependence, Modernity, and Political Turmoil
Maarif Vekaleti, Tanzimat (Istanbul: Maarif Matbaası, 1940), following 1: 48. Partial English translations are found in Stanford J. Shaw and Ezel Kural Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, vol. 2, Reform, Revolution, and Republic, 1808–1975 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1977), 60–61; J. C. , The Middle East and North Africa in World Politics, 2nd ed. (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1975), 1:269–71. For a comprehensive discussion of this document, see Şerif Mardin, The Genesis of Young Ottoman Attitudes toward the Modernization of Jewish Education · 27 Ottoman Thought: A Study in the Modernization of Turkish Political Ideas (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1962), 155–68ff.
In fact, throughout the following weeks, they did not mention the disturbance even once. The intercommunal brawls and fighting that had previously occurred offstage, so to speak, in peacetime, and away from their cities’ centers, had been disturbing but manageable enough. Once war broke out, and tensions were suddenly cast in such clear political molds, their former methods—calls to the chief rabbi for sermons and to the police for action—no longer sufficed. The total silence of the Jewish press offers a reminder of the more complex and sometimes uncomfortable aspects of the very patriotism these journalists espoused and attempted to foster among their readership.
With the additional police surveillance of wartime, and the new presence of Ottoman soldiers in the city, the Jews—already the single largest religious group in Ottoman Salonica—appear to have felt a bolstered sense of security in 1897. Their great success in performing patriotic acts, and the applause with which these had been met by local Ottoman officials and journals, may have contributed even further to such spontaneous manifestations. One contemporary observer, a representative of the Alliance Israélite Universelle (AIU) in Salonica, expressed his concern about the excessive “zeal and noise” that had accompanied the Jews’ public demonstrations of loyalty to the Ottoman Empire during the war.