The Complete Book of Polymer Clay by Lisa Pavelka
By Lisa Pavelka
If crafts are giant, then clay is big. From pins and pendants to bracelets, buttons, and gildings, crafters of every age are embracing the creativity that polymer clay conjures up. This encyclopedic ebook through well known professional Lisa Pavelka comprises the most recent concepts, convenient counsel, and alternate secrets and techniques. Pavelka offers a sweeping evaluate of fabrics, how-to basics, and building options. She additionally introduces six unique initiatives with whole directions displaying readers the way to make pendants, curio bins, a necklace, and a bracelet. transparent, concise, and accomplished, this is often a vital addition to any crafter’s library, regardless of his or her ability point. For much more concept, this crucial reference incorporates a gallery of fifty unique tasks via Pavelka and different proficient polymer clay designers.
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2624 agents; and those that must be Reference H9 fired cone 1 fired in reducing conditions. The first type contain metal resinates produced by heating a metallic salt with resin, followed by dissolution in a suitable oil such as lavender oil. O n firing the glaze to 650 to 75OoC, a thin film of metal is deposited on the glaze surface. A typical formula ixCs resin 20 wt% Bi"O3 13 5 30 lavender oil metal oxide 45 where the metal oxide can be any of the transition metal oxides. The second type, which must be fired in reducing atmosphere, contains a mixture of the metallic salt with about three times its weight in clay or ochre, with a binder to hold the metallic film onto the biscuit ware.
For that use, the zircon should remain as a separate crystalline phase. While the solubility of zirconia in most glazes is low, it is not zero. 004 mole ratio zirconia may be added to a glaze without inducing crystallization. Such addition is desirable and recommended. E30 32 F o r m u l a t i o n of G l a z e s When these various considerations are balanced in a given formulation, a suitable leadless glaze will usually result. E38 The cost of meeting the regulatory requirements that apply to plants using lead oxide is rapidly becoming more than most producers can tolerate financially.
Some examples of these glazes are given in section VIII of Table 3-4. It was found that suitable glazes could be prepared only within a fairly narrow range of compositions. 15. Too little alkali raises the firing temperature; too much alkali raises the coefficient of thermal expansion. 65. Too little strontia raises the firing temperature unacceptably at these low alkali concentrations. Too much strontia results in too little calcia, which causes problems with color compatibility. These latter glazes, however, have severe limitations.