The Christian Parthenon: Classicism and Pilgrimage in by Anthony Kaldellis

By Anthony Kaldellis

Byzantine Athens used to be no longer a urban with no historical past, as is often believed, yet a massive heart approximately which a lot can now be acknowledged. offering a wealth of latest facts, Professor Kaldellis argues that the Parthenon turned a massive website of Christian pilgrimage after its conversion right into a church. sarcastically, it used to be extra vital as a church than it have been as a temple: the Byzantine interval was once its actual age of glory. He examines the idiosyncratic fusion of pagan and Christian tradition that came about in Athens, the place an try used to be made to duplicate the classical previous in Christian phrases, affecting rhetoric, monuments, and miracles. He additionally re-evaluates the reception of historic ruins in Byzantine Greece and offers for the 1st time a kind of pilgrimage that used to be directed now not towards icons, Holy Lands, or holy males yet towards a monument embodying an everlasting cultural rigidity and spiritual dialectic.

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Doors in these walls allowed access to the exonarthex from the outside. Low walls were also built in the spaces between the exterior columns, though whether this was done all around the building at once is not clear. This would have altered the building's external appearance somewhat, but it did not amount to a walling up of the entire exterior facade; the columns were entirely visible. Openings at intervals in these walls granted access to the (now unroofed) walkspace between the temple's colonnade and chamber walls.

For in beauty each was immediatedly made venerable, yet seems recent and fresh even today. i21 But we should not automatically conclude that he has the Parthenon chiefly in mind here, a modern projection. For instance, the standard commentary on the Life of Perikles asserts that here "Plutarch praises the incomparable beauty of the Parthenon buildings" - note the strange plural. And whereas we may think of the Parthenon as "the chief glory of Athens,"22 no ancient source calls it that or even implies it.

43. Vaulted tank. 44. Anclentwlndow. 45: Modem window. 4647. Vaulted tombs beneath the floor of the north pteroma. Drawing by M. Korms, 11. The apse of the Christian Parthenon, Above: from the 6th to the 12th centuries. Below; from the 12th to the 17th-19th centuries. Drawing by M. Karres. 4 Plan of the Christian Parthenon; first and second apse (drawings and key by M. Korres). 25 26 The Christian Parthenon 5 Interior of the Parthenon chamber after the late antique fire (drawing by M. Korres). seeing the sketch by the architect Manolis Korres, a leading authority on the Parthenon's structural history (Fig.

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