The Bishopric of Durham in the Late Middle Ages: Lordship, by Christian D. Liddy

By Christian D. Liddy

North-East England contained a few precise strength constructions throughout the past due heart a long time, particularly the palatinate of Durham, the place writs have been issued within the identify of the bishop of Durham instead of of the king and the bishop exercised secular authority as earl palatine. The middle of the palatinate used to be the bishopric of Durham, a space bounded by way of the rivers Tyne and Tees and uncommon via an illustrious culture, focusing upon Durham cathedral and the cult of St Cuthbert. right here resided the Haliwerfolc, the 'people of the saint'. This booklet, in contrast to earlier interpretations that have tended to method Durham essentially as a kind of devolved royal strength whose autonomy used to be progressively circumscribed by means of the crown, experiences the operation of palatine govt within the gentle of more moderen paradigms concerning the nature of strength and id in medieval England. particularly, it sees the idea that of the county group as severe to a brand new figuring out of the social and political background of the bishopric. In Durham this was once a neighborhood outfitted now not upon styles of landholding, social interplay or office-holding; it used to be within the suggestion of the Haliwerfolc and within the cult of St Cuthbert that the population of the bishopric possessed their very own designated tradition of neighborhood and id.

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Extra resources for The Bishopric of Durham in the Late Middle Ages: Lordship, Community and the Cult of St Cuthbert (Regions and Regionalism in History)

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McGlynn, The Royal Prerogative and the Learning of the Inns of Court (Cambridge, 2003), p. 27. V. Scammell, Hugh du Puiset, Bishop of Durham (Cambridge, 1956), p. 187. M. Fraser and K. Emsley, ‘Durham and the Wapentake of Sadberge’, Transactions of the Architectural and Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 2 (1970), pp. 71–81. LAND AND POWER 27 the major baronial estates belonging to the lords of Barnard Castle and Hart. 11 In 1306 Edward I granted the barony of Hart to one of his most trusted advisers, Robert Clifford, in whose family the possession of the two knights’ fees remained.

599, transl. P. Holland in W. Camden, Britain (London, 1610), p. 735. Dobson, Durham Priory, pp. 279–80. 32 THE BISHOPRIC OF DURHAM These demesne lands were managed on the basis of a pre-Conquest multiple estate structure. A. 37 These vills were essentially economic units that might include scattered farmsteads and nucleated villages and had no internal arable demesne as was found on a manor: instead, they were grouped together into shires around separate estate centres, which would contain the lord’s demesne, quite separate from the holdings of tenants in the individual vills.

These were documents with which members of lay society within the bishopric were extremely familiar, reflecting their engagement with lordship on all levels, both figurative and real. 80 Significantly, too, the record of Killerby’s petition, which is actually a draft document containing deletions and amendments, is to be found among the muniments of Durham cathedral priory. 81 At the same time, the local production of a sequence of historiographic texts from the eleventh century about the church of Durham made the priory very much the guardian and repository of the memory and counsel of the bishopric.

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