The Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates: Models for by John R. Dolan
By John R. Dolan
Planktonic protists either produce and eat many of the basic construction on the planet ocean. They not just play key roles within the oceans but in addition symbolize an spectacular quantity of variety: ecological morphological and genetic. in spite of the fact that, for many taxa their ecology, morphology, phylogeny and biogeography are both poorly recognized or seem to be principally unrelated to each other; this hinders our figuring out in their biology in addition to interpretation of rising genetic info. Tintinnid ciliates characterize a novel exception. in comparison to approximately all different teams of planktonic protists, there's a very large and comparatively targeted literature (both sleek and old) on tintinnids. This quantity synthesizes wisdom relating a large choice of subject matters starting from anatomy and systematics, body structure, habit, ecology (including ecological roles, predators, parasites, biogeography, and cysts) to fossil historical past. it is going to entice an viewers starting from complex undergraduates to researchers within the fields of Oceanography, Marine Biology and Microbial Ecology.Content:
Chapter 1 creation to Tintinnids (pages 1–16): John R. Dolan
Chapter 2 The Tintinnid Lorica (pages 17–41): Sabine Agatha, Michele Laval?Peuto and Paul Simon
Chapter three Systematics and Evolution of Tintinnid Ciliates (pages 42–84): Sabine Agatha and Michaela C. Struder?kypke
Chapter four Ecophysiology and behaviour of Tintinnids (pages 85–121): David J. S. Montagnes
Chapter five Predators of Tintinnids (pages 122–144): Diane ok. Stoecker
Chapter 6 Parasites of Tintinnids (pages 145–170): D. Wayne Coats and Tsvetan R. Bachvaroff
Chapter 7 Comparative Biology of Tintinnid Cysts (pages 171–185): Takashi Kamiyama
Chapter eight Fossil Tintinnids (pages 186–197): Jere H. Lipps, Thorsten Stoeck and Micah Dunthorn
Chapter nine Tintinnids in Microzooplankton groups (pages 198–213): George B. McManus and Luciana F. Santoferrara
Chapter 10 variety and Distributions of Tintinnids (pages 214–243): John R. Dolan and Richard W. Pierce
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Additional resources for The Biology and Ecology of Tintinnid Ciliates: Models for Marine Plankton
However, by the late 1800s it was recognized that, rather than plant and organic matter supplied by rivers feeding small ﬁsh, plankton formed the base of marine food webs. Furthermore, plankton production was likely in some manner linked to exploited ﬁsh populations. This view provided the scientiﬁc justiﬁcation of Victor Hensen’s Plankton Expedition in 1889, which is generally considered as the ﬁrst campaign of biological oceanography (Mills 1989). The studies of Kofoid (1897) and Lohmann (1901) had shown that most of the biomass in the plankton was missed using plankton nets, even the “ﬁne silk” used to sample for tintinnids and other small plankton.
4 Fig. 5 Examples of tintinnid species with hyaline loricae: Amphorides quadrilineata (a), Amplectella collaria (b), Climacocylis scalaria (c), Acanthostomella conicoides (d), Protorhabdonella simplex (e), Epiplocylis blanda (f), Xystonellopsis paradoxa (g), Ormosella trachelium (h), Proplectella elipisoida (i), Dadayiella ganymedes (j), Dictyocysta lepida (k), Metacylis mediterranea (l), Parafavella parumdentata (m), Parundella messinensis (n), Ascampbellia tortulata (o), Eutintinnus stramentus (p), Undella hyalina (q), Helicostomella subulata (r), Salpingella acuminata (s), Rhabdonella spiralis (t), and Cyttarocylis cassis (u).
However, the steps of cell division and lorica formation are not as easily observed as in hyaline forms. , in Codonellopsis and Stenosemella). Loricae exclusively covered with diatoms or coccoliths (Fig. 2a), those with large particles on the bowl and small ones around the lorica opening (Fig. 1f), as well as loricae composed of an agglomerated bowl and a hyaline collar (Fig. 1g, h) indicate some kind of particle selection and a certain behavior of the ciliate during the lorica construction. Different sources of the particles have been suggested: biogenic particles from their food remnants (Hofker 1931a; Gold & Morales 1977; Takahashi & Ling 1984), suspended particles from the water column (Gold & Morales 1976a, c), and particles from the sediment (Gold & Morales 1976a, c; Rassoulzadegan 1980).