Sufism in the Secret History of Persia by Milad Milani

By Milad Milani

Sufism shaped one of many cultures of resistance which has existed within the social textile of Persia given that antiquity. Such resistance keeps to present itself this day with many trying to Sufism as a version of cooperation among East and West, among conventional and glossy. 'Sufism within the mystery background of Persia' explores where of Sufi mysticism in Iran's highbrow and religious awareness via conventional and modern Sufi thinkers and writers. Sufism within the mystery historical past of Persia examines the present of spirituality which extends from the previous Iranian worship of Mithra to trendy Islam. This present continuously comprises components of gnosis and internal realizing, yet has usually supplied impetus for socio-political resistance. The examine describes how those persisting pre-Islamic cultural and socio-religious components have secretly challenged Muslim orthodoxies and proceed to form the character and orientation of latest Sufism.

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Cf. M. A. Dandamayev, “Cyrus; iii. Cyrus II the Great”, in EIr, vol. 6, 516–21. 40. Cf. M. Boyce, Zoroastrians: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices (London, 1979), 52. 41. Cf. , 50. Note new evidence of pre-Zoroastrian fire temples, starting with V. Sarianidi, I zdjesv govoril Zaratushtra (Moscow, 1990), plate 25; V. I. Ionesov, The Struggle Between Life and Death in Proto-Bactrian Culture (New York, 2002), esp. 157–9, in advance of yetto-be-published work by O. Basirov, School of African and Oriental Studies, University of London, and the University of Sydney’s A.

The idea of Zarathushtra as a root of Sufism relates to the historical reflexivity in Persianate Sufi thought, which is seen in the invented myth-history detectable in the publications of Nematollahi Sufism (discussed in Chapter 9). In their view, the Sufi way amounts to a revival of “Zarathushtrian wisdom” – promoted as the “Khosravan tradition” or “Path”. The notion of the “Khosravan Path” is derived in part from a combined reading 10. Xanthus, Lydiaka, fragment 32; cf. B. Schlerath, “Noch Einmal Zarathustra”, Die Sprache 2(2) (1977), 127–35; A.

A. Bowman, Aramaic Ritual Texts from Persepolis (Chicago, 1970), 15. 17 sufism in the secret history of persia The Gathas are stanzas invoking and dwelling upon the notions of wisdom, justice and love as major components of divine transformation and earthly service. By examining this poetry, we can identify the fundamental roots of Iranian religiosity from which the basic make-up of “Iranian Mysticism” (tasavvof-e irani), and later Persian Sufism, is founded. Mithra-worship, as a mystery religion, also signifies an important pre-Islamic “spiritual” component that may have some measure of effect upon the nature of qur’anic discourse in Islamic Iran.

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