Shipping and the Environment : Improving Environmental by Karin Andersson, Selma Brynolf, Fredrik Lindgren, Magda

By Karin Andersson, Selma Brynolf, Fredrik Lindgren, Magda Wilewska-Bien

This e-book specializes in the interplay among delivery and the common atmosphere and the way transport can attempt to develop into extra sustainable. Readers are guided in marine environmental knowledge, environmental laws and abatement applied sciences to help in judgements on process, coverage and investments.

You gets conversant in attainable paths to enhance environmental functionality and, within the long-term, to a sustainable transport quarter, in accordance with an figuring out of the assets and mechanisms of universal affects. additionally, you will achieve wisdom on emissions and discharges from ships, prevention measures, environmental laws, and strategies and instruments for environmental evaluate. additionally, the ebook features a bankruptcy at the heritage to regulating toxins from ships.

It is meant as a resource of knowledge for pros attached to maritime actions in addition to coverage makers and public. it's also meant as a textbook in better schooling educational programmes.

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Extra resources for Shipping and the Environment : Improving Environmental Performance in Marine Transportation

Sample text

However, the measurement using conductivity is more precise, and therefore, this method is currently used. Salinity determines a number of properties of water. The carbonate system is also important for determining the composition of water. Carbonate speciation and the solubility of carbon dioxide depend on pH. An increase in the carbon dioxide concentration in the air will lead to an increase in the amount of carbonate in the water, which may cause a decrease in pH. This process is discussed further in Sect.

Buhaug, Ø. et al. Second IMO GHG Study 2009. 2009, International Maritime Organization: London, UK. 49. Tree, D. Future fuels. in Marine Propulsion and Future Fuels. 1979. London: IPC Industrial Press Ltd. 50. Gallagher, T. L. Maersk to Run Biodiesel Test. Journal of Commerce Online, 2010. 51. Bruckner-Menchelli, N. US Navy targets 2016 for green fuel use. Sustainable shipping, 2011. 1 Shipping and the Environment 27 52. , Golusin, M. , Policy and promotion of sustainable inland waterway transport in Europe - Danube River.

S. Coast Guard: Washington, DC. p. 75–78. 64. IMO. World Maritime Day - A Concept of a Sustainabel Maritime Transport System. 2013, International Maritime Organization: London. 65. European Commission. Sustainable Transport. htm, last accessed on August 31 2015. 66. Sustainalbe Shipping Initiative. org, last accessed on August 31 2015. 2 The Natural Environment and Human Impacts J. Fredrik Lindgren, Kent Salo, Selma Brynolf, Karin Andersson, Erik Svensson, Maria Zetterdahl, Lena Granhag and Mathias Magnusson Abstract To comprehend the implications of the various environmental issues that man is inducing on the Earth (with a focus on the shipping industry), an understanding of the Earth’s major systems is necessary.

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