Sensitive Matter: Foams, Gels, Liquid Crystals, and Other by Michel Mitov

By Michel Mitov

Life wouldn't exist with out delicate, or smooth, topic. All organic constructions rely on it, together with crimson blood globules, lung fluid, and membranes. So do business emulsions, gels, plastics, liquid crystals, and granular fabrics. What makes delicate topic so attention-grabbing is its inherent versatility. Shape-shifting on the slightest provocation, no matter if a transformation in composition or surroundings, it leads a fugitive lifestyles.

Physicist Michel Mitov brings drama to molecular gastronomy (as whilst irreconcilable fabrics are combined to accomplish the miracle of mayonnaise) and gives solutions to daily questions, corresponding to how does paint dry on canvas, why does shampoo foam greater for those who “repeat,” and what permits the managed liberate of substances? alongside the best way we meet a futurist prepare dinner, a scientist with a runaway mind's eye, and a penniless inventor named Goodyear who further sulfur to latex, really probably by chance, and created sturdy rubber.

As Mitov demonstrates, even non secular ritual is a lesson within the mind-blowing technological know-how of delicate subject. 3 times every year, the reliquary of St. Januarius is carried down cobblestone streets from the Cathedral to the Church of St. Clare in Naples. If all is going as hoped—and considering the fact that 1389 it frequently has—the dried blood inside the reliquary’s biggest vial liquefies on achieving its vacation spot, and Neapolitans are given a reaffirming image of renewal.

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Extra info for Sensitive Matter: Foams, Gels, Liquid Crystals, and Other Miracles

Example text

RUBBER 39 ten times its length, and it is precisely this quality that distinguishes the material from other solids. The atoms are all separated by the same distance, d, in a crystal. Stretched in the elastic domain—within which there is no permanent damage to the material after withdrawal of the stress—the distances d of the crystal all undergo the same elongation. The atoms are no longer in equilibrium, and their interactions force them to draw closer together again. The mechanical action applied to deform the crystal tends to oppose these forces of attraction.

The history of rubber might have ended there had it not been for the intervention of a small additive that changed RUBBER 37 everything and the persistence of a penniless ironmonger from Philadelphia. CHARLES GOODYEAR: A HUMAN ADVENTURE This is the West, sir. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend. —John Ford, The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance, 1962 Goodyear knew little about latex. He attempted to make innovative valves for life preservers. However, in the early 1830s the demand for rubber diminished as suddenly as it had begun; customers abandoned the material, which in winter became as hard as wood and even shattered and in summer turned sticky and malodorous.

The atoms are no longer in equilibrium, and their interactions force them to draw closer together again. The mechanical action applied to deform the crystal tends to oppose these forces of attraction. When it is suppressed, the atoms find themselves once again separated by a distance d. Thus, separating the atoms, no matter how little, requires modifying the atomic structure. This has something to do with the reason the elastic deformation of a crystalline solid is so restricted: The distance between the atoms will never reach ten times distance d.

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