Seafarers’ Rights in China: Restructuring in Legislation and by Pengfei Zhang
By Pengfei Zhang
This booklet significantly investigates the stipulations of seafarers’ rights in China in laws and in perform, focusing particularly at the restructuring technique following the 2006 Maritime Labour conference. hence, it poses key examine inquiries to significant chinese language stakeholders to gauge their responses to the conference, to figure out no matter if the security of chinese language seafarers has really more suitable because the creation of the conference, and extra, to spot the continued demanding situations for destiny development. The conference will input into strength in China in November 2016, bringing with it major changes.
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Extra info for Seafarers’ Rights in China: Restructuring in Legislation and Practice Under the Maritime Labour Convention 2006
In the meantime, driven by the huge demand of imports and exports, tremendous change has taken place in China in the last 30–40 years, with a large number of shipping companies registered as engaged in international shipping (MSA 2012). Overall, China’s ocean shipping industry still concentrates in several state-owned enterprises (SOE), including big players 28 2 The Development of Maritime Legislation in China Under the Impact of MLC 2006 like COSCO, China Shipping (Group) Company (CSGC), SINOTRANS & CSC Holding Company (SINOTRANS & CSC), and so on.
For example, in the Philippines, seafarer refers to any person who is employed or engaged in any capacity on board a seagoing ship navigating the foreign seas other than a government ship used for military or non-commercial purposes (POEA 2003, p. 4). 313). The United States’ Code defines a seaman as any person (apprentices excepted) who shall be employed or engaged in any capacity on board any vessel belonging to any citizen of the United States (USC 1944, p. 46). In Denmark, the term ‘seafarer’ shall apply to all persons, apart from the master, employed, engaged or working on board a Danish ship ‘who does not exclusively work on board while the ship is in port’ (DMA 2013).
The Lloyd’s Register 2013). 3 The Chinese Maritime Labour Market The expansion of the fleet has led to a rapid growth of the seafarers’ labour market in China. In 1999, the number of seafarers was estimated at 338,000 (Shen et al. 2005). This has led to a speculation that China would become the top supplier of seafarers to the world fleet and a potential alternative to the Philippines whose seafarers have for many years constituted the largest proportion (25 %) of the world maritime workforce since the mid-/late 1990s (Grey 1999; Li and Wonham 1999, cited in Zhao 2002).