Safety with Cryogenic Fluids by Michael G. Zabetakis Ph.D. (auth.)

By Michael G. Zabetakis Ph.D. (auth.)

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Sagata, Heeding Thermal Stresses Vital in Liquid Hydrogen Tank Design, SAE Journal, 73:66 (1965). 30. R. J. Corruccini, Properties of Materials at Low Temperatures, Chern. Eng. , 53:262-267, 342-346, 397-402 (1957). 31. Russell B. Scott, Cryogenic Engineering, D. , 1959, pp. 343-346. 32. J. H. , 1963. pp. 400-401. 33. , New York, 1964, pp. 33-61, 183-193. 34. B. L. Rhodes, C. E. Moeller, V. Hopkins, and T. I. Marx, Thermal Expansion of Several Technical Metals from -255° to 300°C, in: K. D. ), Advances in Cryogenic Engineering, Vol.

The final composition point is determined by the percentage of each component removed from the initial mixture. Note in particular that flammable mixtures may result when a combustible component is removed from a fuel-rich mixture such as Ml. Gas mixtures with a constant oxygen-to-nitrogen ratio are obtained by joining the apex C with composition points along the baseline 0 N. For example, the "air" line (Figures 25 and 26) is formed by joining C with the mixture composition point A (Figure 26) that represents the approximate composition of air.

T/1',) and pressure (P, = P/Pc). A generalized compressibility chart is given in Figure 8; it was constructed from the data found in the charts prepared by Nelson and Obert. 15 z 0 4 6 7 Fig. 8. Generalized compressibility factor chart. 7) p = ZRT where Z is the compressibility factor at the temperature and pressure of interest. Thus, the density of a vapor can be determined at any temperature and pressure if Z is known. 8) M=l;N;M;; where N;, M;, and Z; are the mole fraction, molecular weight, and compressibility factor of the ith component, respectively.

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