Reforms at Risk: What Happens After Major Policy Changes Are by Eric M. Patashnik;

By Eric M. Patashnik;

Reforms in danger is the 1st publication to heavily research what occurs to sweeping and likely winning coverage reforms once they are handed. so much books concentrate on the politics of reform adoption, but as Eric Patashnik indicates the following, the political fight doesn't finish whilst significant reforms develop into enacted. Why do sure hugely praised coverage reforms undergo whereas others are quietly reversed or eroded away? Patashnik friends into the most severe arenas of domestic-policy reform--including taxes, agricultural subsidies, airline deregulation, emissions buying and selling, welfare kingdom reform, and reform of presidency procurement--to determine the criteria that permit reform measures to outlive. He argues that the reforms that stick break an current coverage subsystem and reconfigure the political dynamic. Patashnik demonstrates that sustainable reforms create confident coverage feedbacks, remodel associations, and infrequently unharness the "creative destructiveness" of marketplace forces. Reforms in danger debunks the argument that reforms necessarily fail simply because Congress is prey to important pursuits, and the publication offers a extra practical portrait of the chances and bounds of optimistic swap in American executive. it truly is crucial studying for students and practitioners of U.S. politics and public coverage, supplying useful classes for an individual who desires to make sure that hard-fought reform victories live to tell the tale.

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They are easiest to deploy when officeholders must take a high-profile stand on some issue, such as casting a roll call vote on the passage of a comprehensive reform measure. The apparent finality of the vote provides the drama needed to cast the debate in clear, compelling terms, especially when powerful lobbyists are mobilized on the other side. When, however, general-interest reforms already on the books are threatened with the slow death of a thousand nicks—such as when politicians think about opening a new tax loophole after a base-broadening reform has been signed—it may be difficult for reform advocates to use symbols to good effect.

55 The market forces unleashed by airline deregulation, for example, led to the demise of many existing air carriers and also destroyed the political cohesion of the regulated industry. The powerful shaping role of autonomous market forces (as against the political influence of business corporations) is somewhat downplayed in the APD literature. Most historically oriented political scientists focus on durable changes in formal authority. But the uncoordinated and often unpredictable choices of producers and millions of consumers arguably often have a greater influence over social outcomes in many policy sectors than do elected officials, lobbyists, or voters.

Policymakers may also struggle to avoid the temptations of symbolism when outcomes are bad or simply hard to defend before mass publics. In sum, the problem is not only that politicians may not be able to bind their successors. They may not even be able to bind themselves. 37 The larger problem is that many general-interest reforms, especially those involving the unleashing of market forces, take time to consolidate themselves. Actors must learn about the new policies, information must be exchanged, and a new political equilibrium must be established.

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