Querelle sur le Mal et la Providence: Lisbonne, 1755 by Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
By Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Le 1er novembre 1755, un séisme suivi d'un raz-de-marée et d'un incendie ravage los angeles ville de Lisbonne (Portugal). On dénombre 50 000 victimes. Cette disaster marque les consciences et suscite un débat philosophique à travers toute l’Europe : un tel drame est-il le fruit de los angeles colère divine, donc de l. a. windfall ? Voltaire voit dans cette manifestation naturelle l'occasion de réfuter les thèses optimistes proposées par Leibniz dans l. a. Théodicée, Tout est bien ! Or, pour Voltaire, non seulement l. a. souffrance des hommes est inacceptable, mais cette thèse est synonyme d’un possibility redoutable, le fatalisme et son cortège de superstitions ridicules. Voltaire envoie son poème sur los angeles Loi naturelle et los angeles windfall à un Rousseau qui vient de faire parler de lui avec son Discours sur l’origine et les fondements de l’inégalité. Rousseau est irrité passablement par le tableau misérabiliste. Par réaction, il se pique de défendre Leibniz. Il lui fait un procès en désespérance de l’humanité : l’homme souffre un destin injuste par los angeles Nature. C’est le début de l. a. brouille définitive et de l. a. haine des deux hommes.
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