Preparing for the High Frontier: The Role and Training of by Committee on Human Spaceflight Crew Operations, Aeronautics

By Committee on Human Spaceflight Crew Operations, Aeronautics and Space Engineering Board, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, National Research Council

Because the nationwide Aeronautics and area management (NASA) retires the gap commute and shifts involvement in overseas house Station (ISS) operations, alterations within the function and requisites of NASA's Astronaut Corps will occur. on the request of NASA, the nationwide learn Council (NRC) addressed 3 major questions on those alterations: what will be the position and measurement of Johnson house Center's (JSC) Flight group Operations Directorate (FCOD); what is going to be the necessities of astronaut education amenities; and is the Astronaut Corps' fleet of teaching airplane an economical technique of getting ready astronauts for NASA's spaceflight application? This file offers an review of a number of matters pushed by means of those questions. This file doesn't tackle explicitly the way forward for human spaceflight.

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Extra info for Preparing for the High Frontier: The Role and Training of NASA Astronauts in the Post- Space Shuttle Era

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The Role and Training of NASA Astronauts in the Post-Shuttle Era including the Lunar Module and the Lunar Rover. Others, such as the capsules, were high fidelity physical environments, with the capability to drive instruments and surrounding environments to emulate both normal operations as well as emergency operations. The training organization strove to keep the trainers under configuration control so that there were no surprises for the crew when they operated the real vehicle. 21 Astronaut John H.

24 STS-131 preparing to dock with the International Space Station on April 7, 2010. SOURCE: Courtesy of NASA. PREPUBLICATION COPY—SUBJECT TO FURTHER EDITORIAL CORRECTION 28 Copyright © National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. The Role and Training of NASA Astronauts in the Post-Shuttle Era 2 NASA’s Human Spaceflight: Role and Size of the Activities Managed by the Flight Crew Operations Directorate The committee’s task charges it with addressing how the role and size of the activities that are managed by the Johnson Space Center Flight Crew Operations Directorate (FCOD) should change following space shuttle retirement and completion of the assembly of the International Space Station.

Between 1978 and 1986, approximately 60 payload specialists would be trained at JSC. Those flights dedicated to research trained up to four payload specialists for each mission position, with one or two primary payload specialists selected within 6 months of flight by the payload investigator working group, in consultation with the Astronaut Office. The Astronaut Office had veto power if it concluded that the astronaut was not sufficiently “safe” enough to function in the dynamics of the spaceflight environment or as an integral part of the crew.

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