Population, Gender and Politics: Demographic Change in Rural by Roger Jeffery

By Roger Jeffery

Roger and Patricia Jeffery are popular for his or her paintings on faith and gender in South Asia. of their newest publication, a learn of the demographic strategies of 2 castes in rural north India, they ask why fertility degrees are greater one of the Muslim Sheikhs than the Hindu Jats. They finish that reasons can in basic terms in part be attributed to gender relationships and faith, and it's the financial and political pursuits of either teams that are the defining components. Their marginal financial place presents little incentive for the Sheikhs to elevate small households, whereas the Jats, who're in the community dominant, are inspired to exploit contraception and train their teenagers. The authors cross directly to reveal the importance of this research for a much wider realizing of the issues of inhabitants and politics in India typically. The publication might be priceless for college students of South Asia and for somebody drawn to the demography of constructing international locations.

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After Independence, the Indian Government refused to accept arguments based on religious identity as the basis for discrimination or policy: the Sikhs in Punjab, for example, were unable to argue for a State in which they would be religiously dominant, but were conceded new boundaries for Punjab on the basis of those areas where Punjabi was spoken. Language and religion were fused, with Hindus in Punjab being urged to declare that they spoke Hindi, while Sikhs were told to declare their allegiance to Punjabi as a mother tongue.

Rajiv Gandhi, the leader of the 23 The foreign exchange position also worsened because of the decline in tourism - during the peak winter tourist season - caused by the reports of the communal violence. This distrust, also manifested in attitudes towards Government schooling and Government health and family planning facilities, represents one facet of why Jats and Sheikhs have such different demographic experiences - which we explore further in Chapter 6. An island of peace? 19 Congress Party, the largest party in Parliament, then withdrew his party's support on a technicality when he judged the time was right for new elections.

The national events of 1990-1, and their local ramifications, were frightening and appalling. Bijnor itself temporarily moved from being a backwater to being central to national politics. In proportion to its population, Bijnor was arguably the worst hit by the communal rioting which spread across many parts of north India in October and November 1990. In Bijnor, 'violence penetrated into spaces that had been considered relatively immune' and the riots may thus have been more traumatic than violence which has become routinized and repetitive (Das 1990: 11-12).

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