Pilgrimage explored by J. Stopford

By J. Stopford

The long-lasting value of pilgrimage as an expression of human longing is explored during this quantity via 3 significant topics: the antiquity of pilgrimage in what turned the Christian global; the mechanisms of Christian pilgrimage (particularly relating to the practicalities of the adventure and the workings of the shrine); and the fluidity and suppleness of pilgrimage ideology. of their exam of pilgrimage as a part of western tradition from neolithic instances onwards, the authors utilize various methods, usually combining proof from a few assets, together with anthropology, archaeology, background, folklore, margin illustrations and wall work; they recommend that it's the fluidity of pilgrimage ideology, mixed with an adherence to supposedly conventional actual observances, which has succeeded in keeping its relevance and holding its identification. additionally they examine the ways that pilgrimage spilled into, or relatively was once a part of, secular existence within the center ages.Dr JENNIE STOPFORD teaches within the Centre for Medieval reviews, collage of York. participants: RICHARD BRADLEY, E.D. HUNT, JULIE ANN SMITH, SIMON BARTON, WENDY R. CHILDS, BEN NILSON, KATHERINE J. LEWIS, DEBRA J. BIRCH, SIMON COLEMAN, JOHN ELSNER, A.M. KOLDEWEIJ.

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A few examples of these patterns may be helpful here. Many of the locations of the monuments may have been selected because they possessed a similar topography. Recently a number of writers have commented on the way in which circular enclosures both stone settings and henges echo the natural features of the areas in which they were built (Figure 2). 17 The form of the monument itself reflected that circular configuration and sometimes the close relationship between the natural arena and the form of the enclosure could be emphasised by other features.

These consisted of circular mounds or cairns with a corbelled chamber at their centre. They take their name from the low passages which communicated between the chamber and the outside world. Passage graves were often succeeded by a series of open enclosures or arenas. Those confined by a circular earthwork, often with an internal ditch, are described as henge monuments, whilst the name of the other type is the stone circle, whose most famous example is Stonehenge in Wiltshire. During the Early Bronze Age both forms of enclosure could be found in close proximity to unchambered burial mounds or 'round barrows'.

5 One possibility is that these contacts were effected through the institution of pilgrimage. In Renfrew's carefully chosen words 'one is tempted 3 C. Renfrew, 'Trade beyond the material', in Trade and Exchange in Prehistoric Europe, ed. C. Scarre and F. Healy (Oxford, 1993), pp. 5-16. 4 Renfrew 1985, op. cit. note 1, p. 256. 5 Renfrew 1985, op. cit. note 1, p. 255. Page 4 to wonder whether there may not have been some agency of greater mobility at work in the spread of ritual ideas. '6 This is the question addressed here.

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