Physics and applications of the Josephson effect by Antonio Barone

By Antonio Barone

Entire insurance of the Josephson impact, from a survey of underlying actual conception to real and proposed engineering functions. Considers many macroscopic quantum results with strength for technical improvement. Theoretical fabric is by means of suitable discussions of gadget purposes. contains a hundred unique figures and pictures.

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Funct. , 13(9), 732. 47. M. 2003. Technologies towards patterned optical foils, SID Symposium Digest Tech Papers, 78, (Baltimore, USA, meeting 20–22 May 2003). 48. , Roosendaal, S. , Hoog, A. , et al. 2005, Technologies towards patterned optical foils applied in transflective LCd’s, J. Soc. Inf. Display, 13(8), 627. 49. A. 2006. Patterned retarders prepared by photoisomerization and photopolymerization of liquid crystalline films, Liquid Crystals, 33(6), 723–737. 50. , and Lub, J. 1999. , J. Appl.

The aligned reactive mesogen containing the photoisomerizable compound is UV exposed in the presence of oxygen (a) forming isotropic areas alternated with still aligned mesogens (dashed) (b). Both the isotropic monomer and the aligned monomer are polymerized by a single exposure step in nitrogen yielding a patterned retarder (c). The polarization microscopy pictures shows the patterns with the alignment under 45◦ (e, f) and parallel (g, h) with the crossed polarizers. The bright areas are birefringent; the black areas are isotropic.

Display, 13(8), 627. 49. A. 2006. Patterned retarders prepared by photoisomerization and photopolymerization of liquid crystalline films, Liquid Crystals, 33(6), 723–737. 50. , and Lub, J. 1999. , J. Appl. , 85(11), 7517. 51. G. and Höfer, T. 2001. S. ), Springer-Verlag, New York, p. 74. 52. I. 2002. , Macrom. Synth. ), 12, 109. 53. , and Malo, B. 2003. Synthesis and properties of chiral stilbene diacrylates, Liquid Crystals, 30(10), 1207. 54. , and Lub, J. 1998. Modification of the pitch of chiral nematic liquid crystals by means of photoisomerization of chiral dopants, Liquid Crystals, 24, 819.

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