Peacemakers: Winners of the Nobel Peace Prize (Oxford by Ann T. Keene
By Ann T. Keene
The following, in one quantity, are the profiles of all of the contributors and companies which were presented the Nobel Peace Prize on the grounds that its institution in 1901. From the author of the prize, Alfred Nobel, the Swedish industrialist who invented dynamite, to Jody Williams and the overseas crusade to prohibit Landmines, those contributors and firms have committed their lives to peace and feature made our international a greater position to dwell. Ann Keene chronicles the relocating tales of the winners of the Nobel Peace prize in seventy nine essays that target the actions that earned every body or association the prize. She contains attention-grabbing anecdotes approximately and quotations from the recipients and, while, introduces readers to significant occasions in global historical past. The winners of the main prestigious peace award on the planet comprise: Henri Dunant (1901), the founding father of the overseas Committee of the pink go Theodore Roosevelt (1906), who, as President of the USA, mediated an finish to the Russo-Japanese warfare in 1905; he was once the 1st American to win the prize Fridtjof Nansen (1922), Norwegian humanitarian, scientist, and Arctic explorer Jane Addams (1931), peace activist and social reformer, and a founding father of the Women's foreign League for Peace and Freedom Ralph J. Bunche (1950), who labored to accomplish peace within the heart East; he was once the 1st African American to win the prize Lester Pearson (1957), who as a member of the Canadian delegation to the United countries performed a key position in finishing the Suez Canal quandary Albert Luthuli (1960), former president of the African nationwide Congress and outspoken opponent of South Africa's apartheid approach Martin Luther King, Jr. (1964), U.S. civil rights activist United countries kid's Fund (UNICEF) (1965), which keeps to supply counsel to young ones in constructing international locations during the international Mairead Corrigan and Betty Williams (1976), cofounders of Peace humans, a company devoted to finishing violence in Northern eire mom Teresa (1979), initially a excessive schoolteacher in India who received the prize for her paintings with the negative of Calcutta Elie Wiesel (1986), the writer who has drawn foreign recognition to the Holocaust Aung San Suu Kyi (1991), founding father of the nationwide League for Democracy in Myanmar (Burma) who lived less than condominium arrest for 6 years Appendixes contain a chronological directory of the Nobel Peace Prize Winners, a timeline recounting historical milestones within the peace stream, an inventory of significant peace corporations, a quick word list of phrases, extra analyzing, and an index. From the occupation diplomats and politicians to the normal those who found a chance to behave on behalf of peace, those tales honor those that have made a profound distinction on the earth. Peacemakers is the proper advent to the Nobel Peace Prize for younger readers and is an necessary reference for someone who's attracted to global peace and background.
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He also wrote a four-volume history of the 19th century, Le guerre, le insurrezioni, e la pace nel secolo XIX (Wars, Insurrections, and Peace in the Nineteenth Century, 1903–10). He continued to be a strong supporter of both international peace efforts and Italian nationalism, and saw no contradiction between these activities. When Italy annexed Libya in 1911, Moneta supported his country’s action as necessary for its security. Following the outbreak of World War I in 1914, he also supported Italy’s entry into the conflict against the aggressors, Germany and Austria.
Arnoldson donated his share of the prize money to several peace organizations. He remained active as a peace advocate to the end of his life, speaking and writing on behalf of the referendum that he had proposed. PEACEMAKERS Klas Arnoldson BORN October 27, 1844 Göteborg, Sweden DIED February 20, 1916 Stockholm, Sweden E D U C AT I O N Attended local public schools O C C U PAT I O N Railroad worker; journalist MAJOR AC C O M P L I S H M E N T S Member, Swedish parliament; cofounder, Swedish Peace and Arbitration Union; author of numerous articles and several books about peace, including Pax Mundi (1892) A R N O L D S O N & B A J E R • 3 9 Image Not Available Experiencing the horrors of war turned Fredrik Bajer, a Danish military officer and strong supporter of his nation’s army, into a leader of the European peace movement.
Roosevelt believed that the President was naive and unrealistic about world poli- tics, and that the League agreed to by Wilson and the leaders of the victorious European nations might even draw the United States into another war. During his South American trip in 1914, Roosevelt had contracted several severe tropical infections, and he never fully recovered. Although his health declined steadily in the years that followed, he still tried to lead a vigorous life. He died in his sleep in January 1919, at the age of 60.