Pagan & Christian creeds : their origin and meaning by Edward Carpenter

By Edward Carpenter

This is a finished heritage that strains the improvement of varied historical religions and the way they interlaced with Christianity.
From the intro:  "The topic of spiritual Origins is an interesting one, because the nice multitude of books upon it, released in overdue years, has a tendency to teach. certainly the good trouble to-day in facing the topic, lies within the very mass of the fabric to hand—and that not just because of the exertions serious about sorting the fabric, yet as the abundance itself of evidence opens up temptation to a pupil during this division of Anthropology (as occurs additionally in different branches of common technology) to hurry in too swiftly with what turns out a believable conception. The extra proof, data, etc, there are available any research, the simpler it truly is to pick a substantial quantity with the intention to healthy a given conception. the opposite proof being overlooked or overlooked, the perspectives recommend get pleasure from for a time a very good style. Then unavoidably, and at a later time, new or missed proof regulate the outlook, and a brand new point of view is established. 

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It was perfectly natural therefore that a change in the sacred symbols should, in the course of time, take place; yet perfectly natural also that these symbols, having 30 once been consecrated and adopted, should continue to be honored and clung to long after the time of their astronomical appropriateness had passed, and so to be found side by side in later centuries. D. probably had as little notion or comprehension of the real origin of the sacred Bull or Ram which he adored, as the Christian in St.

So holy was the Bull that nothing unlucky might come near him. " The Bull is sacrificed. The flesh is divided in solemn feast among those who take part in the procession. " But at Athens the Bouphonia, as it was called, was followed by a curious ceremony. "The hide was stuffed with straw and sewed up, and next the stuffed animal was set on its feet and yoked to a plough as though it were ploughing. The Death is followed by a Resurrection. Now this is all important. We are accustomed to think of sacrifice as the death, the giving up, the renouncing of something.

The names may not have been ORIGINALLY adopted from any definite belief in blood-relationship with the animal or other object in question; but when, as Robertson says (Pagan Christs, p. " As a rule, as may be imagined, the savage tribesman will on no account EAT his tribal totem-animal. Such would naturally be deemed a kind of sacrilege. Also it must be remarked that some totems are hardly suitable for eating. Yet it is important to observe that occasionally, and guarding the ceremony with great precautions, it has been an almost universal custom for the tribal elders to call a feast at which an animal (either the totem or some other) IS killed and commonly eaten - and this in order that the tribesmen may absorb some virtue belonging to it, and may confirm their identity with the tribe and with each other.

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