Origins of Analytic Philosophy: Kant and Frege by Delbert Reed

By Delbert Reed

The first book-length research of the way Frege's philosophy used to be inspired by means of his severe come across with Kant.

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However, while logic is not grounded in the contingent laws of psychology, what gives logic its a priori character, and thus its necessity, is its origin in the human understanding. For Kant, the foundations of the laws of logic lie not in some objective third realm but in the inner recesses of the human mind. We can grasp the laws of logic not through contemplation of a timeless realm of eternal truths but through self-reflection on our own power of thinking. In this respect, Kant follows other early modern philosophers in conceiving of the mind as possessing normative powers of thinking.

The hypothetical judgment is composed of two problematic ones . . In the hypothetical judgment I consider the combination of two judgments as ground and consequence. (Vienna Logic 373) It is unclear exactly what Kant means when he says that the categorical judgement constitutes the basis of a hypothetical judgement. For while it is certainly true that a hypothetical judgement can be constructed from two categorical judgements it is not necessary that they be so constructed. The basis of a categorical inference revolves around a relationship between concepts.

Some philosophers might think that since logic is concerned with the necessary laws of thinking that its principles are grounded in psychology. Kant disagrees. As he explains in his discussion of pure general logic in the Critique: 1. As general logic, it abstracts from all content of the cognition of the understanding and from all differences in its objects, and deals with nothing but the mere form of thought. 2. As pure logic, it has nothing to do with empirical principles, and does not, as has sometimes been supposed, borrow anything from psychology, which therefore has no influence whatever on the canon of the understanding.

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