News and Numbers: A Writer's Guide to Statistics by Victor Cohn

By Victor Cohn

Numbers and statistical claims dominate present day information. Politics, budgets, crime research, scientific matters, and activities reporting all call for numbers. Now in its 3rd variation, News & Numbers makes a speciality of the right way to evaluation statistical claims in technology, overall healthiness, medication, and politics. It does so by means of aiding readers resolution 3 key questions on all medical reports, polls, and different statistical claims: "What am i able to believe?" "What does it mean?" and "How am i able to clarify it to others?"

Updated all through, this lengthy late 3rd variation brings this vintage textual content up to date with the twenty first century with an entire updating of examples, case reports, and tales. The textual content emphasises transparent considering and customary feel ways for figuring out, reading and explaining information, and phrases in the course of the ebook are defined in easy-to-understand, nontechnical language. a lot new fabric has been extra to make sure the textual content continues its pertinent method of the topic, including:

  • A part on machine modelling
  • Additional chapters on hazards and 'missing numbers'
  • Updated sections on future health plans and coverage, together with updates on President Obama's well-being approach overhaul & new fabric on well-being care expenses and quality

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4. ” 5. Zelen, “Innovations in the Design of Clinical Trials in Breast Cancer,” in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, no. 3 (1983), Proceedings of the Fifth Annual San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium. 6. Friedman, Primer. 7. David S. Salsburg, “The Religion of Statistics as Practiced in Medical Journals,” American Statistician 39, no. 3 (August 1985): 220–22. 8. John Bailar, “Science, Statistics and Deception,” Annals of Internal Medicine 104, no. 2 (February 1986): 259–60. 9. Vogt, Making Health Decisions.

21. Thomas Lovejoy, “The Obligations of a Biologist,” Conservation Biology 3 (1989): 329–30. 22. Thomas Chalmers in Clinical Trials, ed. Shapiro and Louis. 23. Henry K. Beecher, Measurement of Subjective Responses: Quantitative Effects of Drugs (New York: Oxford University Press, 1959). 24. Vogt, Making Health Decisions. 25. Hooke, How to Tell the Liars. 26. Friedman, Primer. 27. Department of Health, Education and Welfare, The Health Consequences of Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General, 1980.

3. 4. Probability (including the Law of Unusual Events) “Power” and numbers Bias and “other explanations” Variability We’ll take them one by one. Probability and Unexpected Events Scientists cope with uncertainty by measuring probabilities. All experimental results and all events can be influenced by chance, and almost nothing is 100 percent certain in science and medicine and life. So probabilities sensibly describe what has happened and should happen in the future under similar conditions. Aristotle said that the probable “is what usually happens,” but he might have added that the improbable happens more often than most of us realize.

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