Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands by Robert P. Brooks, Denice Heller Wardrop

By Robert P. Brooks, Denice Heller Wardrop

The lands and waters of the Mid-Atlantic zone (MAR) have replaced considerably on the grounds that earlier than the 16th century while the Susquehannock lived within the region. a lot has replaced in view that Captain John Smith penetrated the estuaries and rivers through the early 17th century; because the surveying of the Mason-Dixon Line to settle border disputes between Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in the course of the heart of the 18th century; and because J. Thomas Scharf defined the physiographic atmosphere of Baltimore County within the past due 19th century. As early as 1881, Scharf offers us with an overview of the situation of the aquatic ecosystems of the quarter, albeit in narrative shape, and already adjustments are occurring – the conversion of forests to fields, the founding of cities and towns, and the depletion of normal assets. we've got regularly carried out our paintings with the basis that “man” is a part of, and never except, this atmosphere and panorama. This premise, and the ancient adjustments in our panorama, give you the beginning for our overarching examine query: how do human actions influence the functioning of aquatic ecosystems and the environment providers that they supply, and the way do we optimize this relationship?

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Additional info for Mid-Atlantic Freshwater Wetlands: Advances in Wetlands Science, Management, Policy, and Practice

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Wetlands 16:587–593 Faust SD (1983) Total alkalinity versus buffer value (capacity) as a sensitivity indicator for fresh waters receiving acid rain. J Environ Sci Health 18:701–711 Forman RT (1995) Land mosaics: the ecology of landscapes and regions. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 632pp Freda J (1991) The effects of aluminum and other metals on amphibians. Environ Pollut 71: 305–328 Freda J, Sadinski WJ, Dunson WA (1991) Long term monitoring of amphibian populations with respect to the effects of acidic deposition.

Another major threat to water quality in streams and wetlands of higher elevations is increased acidity associated with AMD and acid deposition (AD). As a region, the pH of rainfall in the MAR is among the lowest nationwide (NADP 2003), and, although long-term monitoring have shown wide-spread improvements in air quality and a reduction in acid deposition (Stoddard et al. 1999), aquatic biota in MAR streams and lakes have not shown evidence of recovery to AD (Stoddard 1 Aquatic Landscapes: The Importance of Integrating Waters 25 et al.

Freshw Biol 41:221–234 Karr JR, Chu EW (1999) Restoring life in running waters: better biological monitoring. , 206pp King RS, Baker ME, Whigham DF, Weller DE, Jordan TE, Kazyak PF, Hurd MK (2005) Spatial considerations for linking watershed land cover to ecological indicators in streams. Ecol Appl 15:137–153 Kirchner JW (1992) Heterogeneous geochemistry of catchment acidification. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 56:2311–2327 Kittle DL, McGraw JB, Garbutt K (1995) Plant litter decomposition in wetlands receiving acid mine drainage.

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