Mediterranean Island Landscapes: Natural and Cultural by Ioannis N. Vogiatzakis, Gloria Pungetti, A.M. Mannion
By Ioannis N. Vogiatzakis, Gloria Pungetti, A.M. Mannion
Mediterranean islands express many similarities of their biotic ecological, actual and environmental features. There also are many transformations by way of their human colonization and present anthropogenic pressures. This publication addresses in 3 sections those features and examines the most important environmental adjustments that the islands skilled in the course of the Quaternary interval. the 1st part presents information on usual and cultural components that have formed island landscapes. It describes the environmental and cultural adjustments of the Holocene and their results on biota, in addition to at the present human pressures which are now threats to the sustainability of the island groups. the second one part specializes in the landscapes of the most important islands specifically Sicily, Sardinia, Corsica, Cyprus, Crete, Malta and the Balearics. every one island bankruptcy encompasses a specific subject reflecting a selected attribute of the island. half 3 provides ideas for motion in the direction of sustainability in Mediterranean islands and concludes with a comparability among the most important islands. regardless of numerous released books on Mediterranean ecosystems/landscapes there is not any present booklet facing Mediterranean islands in a collective demeanour. scholars, researchers and collage academics in environmental technology, geography, biology and ecology will locate this paintings important as a cross-disciplinary textual content whereas planners and politicians will welcome the succinct summaries as heritage fabric to making plans judgements.
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Mediterranean islands show many similarities of their biotic ecological, actual and environmental features. There also are many ameliorations by way of their human colonization and present anthropogenic pressures. This ebook addresses in 3 sections those features and examines the most important environmental alterations that the islands skilled throughout the Quaternary interval.
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Additional info for Mediterranean Island Landscapes: Natural and Cultural Approaches (Landscape Series) (Landscape Series)
1). 500,000 years ha ve been compared with other long cores in the Mediterranean region, notably Lac du Bouchet/Praclaux located in the Massif Central of France (Reille et al. 1988; Reille and de Beaulieu 1995),Valle di Castiglione in central Italy (Folieri et al.
2). They host indeed large numbers of biota, and are characterized by e xceptional cultural elements while at the same time are subjected to the most intense en vironmental and socio-economic pressures. This is the reason why this book focuses on them. Insularity is perceived and experienced differently by visitors and inhabitants. The latter consider that insularity is a disadv antage, especially in comparison with mainland regions. N. Vogiatzakis et al. 2 Characteristics of the major Mediterranean Islands (After Hopkins 2002) (1,000) Density (inhab/km2) Island Country Size (km2) Population Sicily Italy Sardinia Italy Cyprus Cyprus Corsica France Crete Greece Balearics Spain Maltese Malta Archipelago * See Chapter 10.
Although in prehistory many of the islands were characterized by remarkable indigenous civilizations in recent times mainland po wers have dominated o ver islands. As discussed in Chapter 6, all the islands e xamined in this book ha ve historically been in a position of political subservience to an outside power. Due to their strategic position many islands endured repeat invasions and wars; they were also instruments for defence, trade and e xploitation of natural resources. First came the Greeks, followed by the Phoenicians, Etruscans, Carthaginians and the Romans; later came the Sarrasins, Genoans, Venetians and the Turks to mention but a few of the conquerors.