Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental by Mark A. Shields, Andrew I.L. Payne
By Mark A. Shields, Andrew I.L. Payne
It is now widely known that there's a desire for long term safe and appropriate sustainable sorts of strength. Renewable power from the marine surroundings, particularly renewable power from tidal currents, wave and wind, will help in attaining a sustainable power destiny. Our figuring out of environmental affects and appropriate mitigation tools linked to extracting renewable strength from the marine surroundings is enhancing for all time and it truly is crucial that we be ready to distinguish among usual and anthropocentric drivers and affects. an summary of present figuring out of the environmental implications of marine renewable strength know-how is provided.
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Extra resources for Marine Renewable Energy Technology and Environmental Interactions
1995), so it is likely that they will be good candidate sentinels for changes following both energy extraction and climate change along the West Mainland of Orkney. In all the above cases, the selected organisms are located at or near their distribution limit in local waters, which should increase their sensitivity to environmental stressors manifest in observable population changes. For each organism, a congener or similar species has been assigned that has overlapping habitat, including the high-energy rocky shoreline.
In most cases, the reduction in wave energy created by these geological features appears to be the major factor in determining community composition. A library now exists of digital images, species identification records and geomorphological measurements, all georeferenced to a precision of 3 m. This will be merged into a geographic information system (GIS) along with future sublittoral and bathymetric data records. Collectively, this record of pre-development conditions can be used to identify sites of greater environmental sensitivities, which may inform marine spatial planning and consenting processes.
However, in most cases, quantification of percentage cover needs to be performed manually, which is extremely labour-intensive. Image-analysis software is currently being developed specifically for the current research study in collaboration with the School of Mathematics and Computer Sciences at Heriot-Watt University to investigate the feasibility of using species-specific differences in shell shape to inform imagerecognition software. 4). e. their features less affected by the individual’s age or density of settlement, and may prove to be reliable markers for the software to differentiate and allow for 32 Fig.