Marine Fungi and Fungal-like Organisms by E. B. Gareth Jones

By E. B. Gareth Jones

Marine fungi play a big position in marine and mangrove ecosystems. figuring out how larger fungi with their spectrum of cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzymes degrade wooden tissue, whereas labyrinthuloids and thraustochytrids extra give a contribution to the dissolved natural topic coming into the open ocean is key to marine ecology. This paintings presents an summary of marine fungi together with morphology and ultrastructure, phylogeny, biogeography and biodiversity. more and more, biotechnology is usually turning to those organisms to boost new bioactive compounds and to deal with difficulties similar to decomposition of fabrics within the ocean and bioremediation of oil spills. those strength functions of marine fungi also are handled. within the gentle of huge marine oil spills long ago years, the significance of realizing marine fungi and their function within the meals chain can't be underestimated.

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Notes on the Pleomassariaceae. Mycotaxon 1993; 49:129–142. Barr ME. Planistromellaceae, a new family in the Dothideales. Mycotaxon 1996; 60:433–442. Boehm EW, Schoch CL, Spatafora JW. On the evolution of the Hysteriaceae and Mytilinidiaceae (Pleosporomycetidae, Dothideomycetes, Ascomycota) using four nuclear genes. Mycol Res. 2009a; 113:461–479. Boehm EWA, Mugambi GK, Miller AN, Huhndorf SM, Marincowitz S, Spatafora JW, Schoch CL. A molecular phylogenetic reappraisal of the Hysteriaceae, Mytilinidiaceae and Gloniaceae (Pleosporomycetidae, Dothideomycetes) with keys to world species.

Jones EBG, Klaysuban A, Pang KL. Ribosomal DNA phylogeny of marine anamorphic fungi: Cumulospora varia, Dendryphiella species and Orbimyces spectabilis. Raff Bull Zool. 2008; suppl 19:11–18. Jones EBG, Sakayaroj J, Suetrong S, Somrithipol S, Pang KL. Classification of marine Ascomycota, anamorphic taxa and Basidiomycota. Fungal Divers. 2009; 35, pp. 1–187. Khashnobish A, Shearer CA. Phylogenetic relationships in some Leptosphaeria and Phaeosphaeria species. Mycol Res. 1996; 100:1355–1363. Kodsueb R, Dhanasekaran V, Aptroot A, Lumyong S, Mckenzie EHC, Hyde KD, Jeewon R.

Rhizophorae is described from the mangrove tree Rhizophora mucronata; morphologically they differ especially in ascospore characteristics (Zhang et al. 2012b). Pontoporeia biturbinata has a long branch length in published phylograms (Suetrong et al. 2009; Zhang et al. 2011), which suggests deviation from the other taxa in the clade. Mytilinidiales Hawksworth (1985) introduced the genus Kirschsteiniothelia for K. aethiops based on Sphaeria aethiops and currently 18 species are recorded in Index Fungorum, although 26 Chapter 2 only seven are recognized by Zhang et al.

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