Marine Faunal Diversity in India: Taxonomy, Ecology and by Krishnamoorthy Venkataraman, Chandrakasan Sivaperuman

By Krishnamoorthy Venkataraman, Chandrakasan Sivaperuman

More than 70% of the earth’s floor is roofed through water, making it an incredible and considerable source for learning species range, faunal groups, and ecosystems. India’s giant beach (5,044 miles) capability it performs a big function in housing those faunal groups. Of the 32 animal phyla, 15 are represented in India’s marine atmosphere, overlaying greater than 15,000 species.

Marine and coastal ecosystems of India supply helping prone within the type of wide selection of habitats. significant ecosystems corresponding to estuaries, mangroves, coral reefs, lagoons, seaweeds and sea grasses function nurseries for either inshore and offshore fishes and others, a lot of that are alleged to be commercially exploited. Marine Faunal range in India describes assorted marine faunal crew levels from sponges, corals, mollusks, crabs, fishes, reptiles, birds, marine mammals, mangrove fauna and tsunami influence on marine faunal range. The chapters, written via reputed specialists of their respective fields, illustrate range and distribution of marine faunal groups. Key points of the ecology and conservation of this significant atmosphere also are mentioned. Marine Faunal variety in India offers marine biologists and comparable researchers with entry to the most recent learn and box reports from this significant region.

• presents the newest box learn on marine faunal variety through the titanic and species-rich Indian zone • Brings jointly services from most sensible marine biology researchers within the state • Covers a various array of aquatic environments, together with coastal and island areas

Discusses conservation ecology of marine faunal groups

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Additional resources for Marine Faunal Diversity in India: Taxonomy, Ecology and Conservation

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This is a small monogeneric family represented by single species from India. Julidae. This family contains 2 subfamilies and 5 genera, of which 2 subfamilies, 3 genera and 3 species are recorded from India. Marine Molluscan Diversity in India Chapter | 4 49 Caliphyliidae. This comprises 7 genera, of which one genus and one species are recorded from India. Stiligeridae. This has 2 subfamilies, 11 genera and 1 subgenus, of which 1 genus and 1 species is recorded from India. Elysiidae. This includes 4 genera and 2 subgenera, of which 2 genera and 13 species are recorded from India.

In Elysia there is a single tooth per row of radular teeth. To supplement their diet, sacoglossan retain the chloroplast in intracellular organelles which are responsible for photosynthesis. These chloroplasts remain active in the translucent skin of the digestive branches and continue to produce sugars which are consumed by the animal. Sexes are united with internal fertilization. Opisthobranchs require copulation between two individuals, and the sperm is stored in a seminal receptacle for several months.

Superfamily Phyllidioidea Phyllidiidae. Includes 4 genera and a subgenus, of which 2 genera, 1 subgenus and 16 species are recorded from India, of which the occurrence of 6 species from India is doubtful. Dendrodorididae. Consists of 2 genera, of which both genera and 11 species are recorded from India. Suborder Dendronotoidea Contains the superfamily Dendronotoidea, of which 5 families are represented from India. Superfamily Dendronotoidea Comprises the families Tritoniidae, Marianinidae, Lohanotidae, Scyllaeidae, Hancockiidae, Dendronotidae, Boronellidae, Tethyidae, Dotidae and Phylliroidae.

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