Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill by Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi

By Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi

Jacobi had a tremendous impression on philosophical concept within the later a part of the 18th century, particularly the way in which Kant used to be acquired and the early improvement of post-Kantian idealism. His polemical tract "Concerning the Doctrine of Spinoza in Letters to Herr Moses Mendelssohn" propelled him to notoriety in 1785. This paintings, in addition to "David Hume on religion, or Idealism and Realism, Jacobi to Fichte", and the unconventional "Allwill", are integrated in George di Giovanni's translation. In an introductory essay, di Giovanni situates Jacobi within the old and philosophical context of his time. fending off a usual, simplistic portrayal of Jacobi as a fideist or proto-existentialist, he indicates how Jacobi's existence and paintings mirror the tensions inherent within the overdue Enlightenment. This ebook might be of curiosity to scholars of German Idealism and to these attracted to the Enlightenment and early Romanticism.

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There were those among them who made it explicit. A case in point is Diderot, who also managed to slant the whole Encyclopedic to reflect his own avowed materialism and atheism. Another to be mentioned is Julien de 56. "During the past week Diderot was here, and I have got to know him fairly well. This famous man possesses a fiery spirit, a keen and lively wit. " Letter to Sophie La Roche, 30 August 1773, Briefwechsel, #300, p. 211. Jacobi was writing from Diisseldorf. 57. See below, footnote to p.

In Germany this Cartesian reason was given the critical orientation that we all know, and Fichte took his bearings from there. Hegel had a valid point when, in retrospect, he interpreted Fichte's morality as an interiorization of the Terror—a transformation, 75. He also spent a brief period in England at the invitation of David Hume, with whom he however quarrelled just as quickly as he quarrelled with everyone he came in contact with. 76. In a recent book, which unfortunately came too late for me to profit from, Asher Horowitz argues that this apparent opposition can be resolved if Rousseau is seen as departing from the Enlightenment idea of nature and implicitly developing instead a historical view of human nature and society.

Shouls, "The Cartesian Method of Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding," Canadian Journal of Philosophy, iv (1975): 579-601. 59. He was even known personally. He was for a few years charge d'affaires at the British embassy in Paris. 60. Pierre Bayle had to operate from Holland because, born a Calvinist and converted to Catholicism, he relapsed to Calvinism. He used his scepticism to promote religious tolerance. 28 The Main Philosophical Writings and the Novel Allwill of an external world, apparently unimpressed by Hume's point that, inasmuch as "sensations" (understood in Locke's way as events internal to the mind) are the only direct objects of our knowledge, any claim that they actually represent an outside world must constitute an inference and cannot therefore ever deliver certainty.

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