Linden's Handbook of Batteries, 4th Edition by Thomas Reddy

By Thomas Reddy

The main whole and updated consultant to battery expertise and choice completely revised all through, Lindens guide of Batteries, Fourth versions offers authoritative assurance of the features, houses, and function of each significant battery variety. New info on rising battery structures and their purposes is incorporated during this definitive quantity. overseas specialists provide exceptional technical tips on utilizing modern applied sciences, fabrics, and techniques in new designs and items, and choosing the main compatible battery for a selected program. all the in-depth facts you wish is contained during this finished source. The ebook might be necessary to graduate scholars, battery researchers, purposes engineers, and all others attracted to the state of the art in battery expertise. Lindens guide of Batteries, Fourth variation covers: - ideas OF OPERATION - basic AND SECONDARY BATTERIES - really expert BATTERY platforms - gas CELLS AND ELECTROCHEMICAL CAPACITORS

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Example text

An understanding of these relationships is an important ingredient in the repertoire of the researcher of battery technology. Another very important area of study which has major impact on battery research is the evaluation of mass transport processes to and from electrode surfaces. Mass transport to or from an electrode can occur by three processes: (1) convection and stirring, (2) electrical migration in an electric potential gradient, and (3) diffusion in a concentration gradient. The first of these processes can be handled relatively easily both mathematically and experimentally.

The cell should have adequate electrolyte transport to facilitate the mass transfer to avoid building up excessive concentration polarization. Proper porosity and pore size of the electrode, adequate thickness and structure of the separator, and sufficient concentration of the reactants in the electrolyte are very important to ensure functionality of the cell. Mass-transfer limitations should be avoided for normal operation of the cell. 5. The material of the current collector or substrate should be compatible with the electrode material and the electrolyte without causing corrosion problems.

4. In summary, the maximum energy that can be delivered by an electrochemical system is based on the types of active materials that are used (this determines the voltage) and on the amount of the active materials that are used (this determines ampere-hour capacity). In practice, only a fraction of the theoretical energy of the battery is realized. This is due to the need for electrolyte and nonreactive components (containers, separators, electrodes) that add to the weight and volume of the battery, as illustrated in Fig.

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