Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and

By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Life Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life

The prior decade has noticeable a notable revolution in genomic examine, the discoveries of maximum environments during which organisms can dwell or even flourish on the earth, the id of previous and probably current liquid-water environments in our sunlight procedure, and the detection of planets round different stars. jointly those accomplishments deliver us a lot toward figuring out the beginning of lifestyles, its evolution and diversification in the world, and its incidence and distribution within the cosmos. a brand new multidisciplinary software known as Astrobiology used to be initiated in 1997 by way of the nationwide Aeronautics and area management (NASA) to foster such study and to make to be had extra assets for person and consortium-based efforts. different organizations have additionally began new courses to handle the starting place, evolution, and cosmic distribution of existence. 5 years into the Astrobiology application, it really is acceptable to evaluate the clinical and programmatic affects of those projects. Edward J. Weiler, NASA's affiliate administrator for the workplace of area technological know-how, tasked the Committee at the Origins and Evolution of existence (COEL) with assessing the nation of NASA's Astrobiology program.

Show description

Read Online or Download Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and International Programs in Astrobiology PDF

Best astrophysics & space science books

The galactic black hole: Lectures on general relativity and astrophysics

Those lectures offer a scientific creation to the physics/astrophysics and arithmetic of black holes at a degree appropriate for graduate scholars, postdocs and researchers in physics, astrophysics, astronomy, and utilized arithmetic.

The Scientific Papers of Sir George Darwin: Periodic Orbits and Miscellaneous Papers

Sir George Darwin (1845-1912) was once the second one son and 5th baby of Charles Darwin. After learning arithmetic at Cambridge he learn for the Bar, yet quickly again to technology and to Cambridge, the place in 1883 he used to be appointed Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy. His relatives house is now the positioning of Darwin university.

The Astrophysics of Emission-Line Stars

Many varieties of stars convey conspicuous emission traces of their optical spectra. those stars are widely often called emission line stars. Emission line stars are beautiful to many of us due to their dazzling phenomena and their variability. The Astrophysics of Emission Line Stars bargains basic details on emission line stars, ranging from a short advent to stellar astrophysics, after which relocating towards a extensive review of emission line stars together with early and overdue sort stars in addition to pre-main series stars.

U.S. Astronomy and Astrophysics: Managing an Integrated Program

Committee at the association and administration of analysis in Astronomy and Astrophysics, house experiences Board, Board on Physics and Astronomy, department on Engineering and actual Sciences, nationwide examine Council

In its economic yr 2002 funds precis record the Bush management expressed concern-based partly at the findings and conclusions of 2 nationwide learn Council studies-about fresh traits within the federal investment of astronomy and astrophysics examine. The President's finances blueprint steered that now's the time to handle those issues and directed the nationwide technology origin (NSF) and the nationwide Aeronautics and area management (NASA) to set up a blue ribbon panel to (1) determine the organizational effectiveness of the federal study firm in astronomy and astrophysics, (2) contemplate the professionals and cons of moving NSF's astronomy obligations to NASA, and (3) recommend replacement concepts for addressing concerns within the administration and association of astronomical and astrophysical learn. NASA and NSF requested the nationwide study Council to hold out the quick evaluate asked through the President. This document, concentrating on the jobs of NSF and NASA, presents the result of that evaluation.

Additional resources for Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and International Programs in Astrobiology

Example text

Many non-NAI universities have made significant investments of their own in research infrastructure, through nonfederal funding that represents value added to the Astrobiology program. The dangers inherent in excessive canonization of NAI’s lead institutions is that the field will actually contract rather than expand, as nonNAI institutions with potentially important roles to play in astrobiology see doors closing and hence realign their own research priorities. COEL does not believe that NASA intended this to be the outcome of the formation of the NAI, but it may well turn out to be so.

C. Urey, and J. Oro, “Origin of Organic Compounds on the Primitive Earth and in Meteorites,” Journal of Molecular Evolution 9: 59-72, 1976. H. Studier, R. Hayatsu, and E. Anders, “Origin of Organic Matter in the Early Solar System-I. Hydrocarbons,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 36: 189-215, 1972. 5S. V. R. Cronin, S. U. Yuen, “Unusual Stable Isotope Ratios in Amino Acid and Carboxylic Acid Extracts from the Murchison Meteorite,” Nature 326: 477-479, 1987. D. Z. R. M. H. Scott, A. Sharma, and H.

Hubertus Stughold, The Green and Red Planet—A Physiological Study of the Possibility of Life on Mars, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1953. 2. , 2002. 3. W. D. Cochran, and M. Mayor, “Extrasolar Planets Around Main Sequence Stars,” pp. 1285-1311 in Protostars and Planets IV, V. Mannings, S. P. , University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 2000. 4. 1 in Chapter 2, while the lower-case term astrobiology refers to the broader intellectual endeavor itself. 5. html>. 6. , 2002. 7. U. J. C. W. M.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.70 of 5 – based on 9 votes