Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and by National Research Council, Division on Engineering and
By National Research Council, Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences, Board on Life Sciences, Space Studies Board, Committee on the Origins and Evolution of Life
The prior decade has noticeable a notable revolution in genomic examine, the discoveries of maximum environments during which organisms can dwell or even flourish on the earth, the id of previous and probably current liquid-water environments in our sunlight procedure, and the detection of planets round different stars. jointly those accomplishments deliver us a lot toward figuring out the beginning of lifestyles, its evolution and diversification in the world, and its incidence and distribution within the cosmos. a brand new multidisciplinary software known as Astrobiology used to be initiated in 1997 by way of the nationwide Aeronautics and area management (NASA) to foster such study and to make to be had extra assets for person and consortium-based efforts. different organizations have additionally began new courses to handle the starting place, evolution, and cosmic distribution of existence. 5 years into the Astrobiology application, it really is acceptable to evaluate the clinical and programmatic affects of those projects. Edward J. Weiler, NASA's affiliate administrator for the workplace of area technological know-how, tasked the Committee at the Origins and Evolution of existence (COEL) with assessing the nation of NASA's Astrobiology program.
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Additional resources for Life in the Universe: An Assessment of U.S. and International Programs in Astrobiology
Many non-NAI universities have made significant investments of their own in research infrastructure, through nonfederal funding that represents value added to the Astrobiology program. The dangers inherent in excessive canonization of NAI’s lead institutions is that the field will actually contract rather than expand, as nonNAI institutions with potentially important roles to play in astrobiology see doors closing and hence realign their own research priorities. COEL does not believe that NASA intended this to be the outcome of the formation of the NAI, but it may well turn out to be so.
C. Urey, and J. Oro, “Origin of Organic Compounds on the Primitive Earth and in Meteorites,” Journal of Molecular Evolution 9: 59-72, 1976. H. Studier, R. Hayatsu, and E. Anders, “Origin of Organic Matter in the Early Solar System-I. Hydrocarbons,” Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 36: 189-215, 1972. 5S. V. R. Cronin, S. U. Yuen, “Unusual Stable Isotope Ratios in Amino Acid and Carboxylic Acid Extracts from the Murchison Meteorite,” Nature 326: 477-479, 1987. D. Z. R. M. H. Scott, A. Sharma, and H.
Hubertus Stughold, The Green and Red Planet—A Physiological Study of the Possibility of Life on Mars, University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque, 1953. 2. , 2002. 3. W. D. Cochran, and M. Mayor, “Extrasolar Planets Around Main Sequence Stars,” pp. 1285-1311 in Protostars and Planets IV, V. Mannings, S. P. , University of Arizona Press, Tucson, 2000. 4. 1 in Chapter 2, while the lower-case term astrobiology refers to the broader intellectual endeavor itself. 5. html>. 6. , 2002. 7. U. J. C. W. M.