Lévinas and Camus : humanism for the 21st century by Lévinas, Emmanuel; Sessler, Tal; Camus, Albert

By Lévinas, Emmanuel; Sessler, Tal; Camus, Albert

This very important new ebook compares the respective oeuvre of 2 seminal thinkers of the twentieth century, Emmanuel Levinas and Albert Camus. Tal Sessler compares their lasting legacies in the particular context of highbrow resistance to totalitarianism and political violence, with specific specialize in their respective ways to the Holocaust and genocide within the twentieth century and, correspondingly, the query of theodicy and non secular religion.

Levinas and Camus explores every one thinker's congruent and complimentary metaphysical and political intent in opposing tyranny. Sessler emphasises the spiritual part in Levinas's depiction of Hitlerism as paganism (a belief that Camus shares), and the correlation among liberalism and monotheism. The publication explores Levinas and Camus's reflections at the Holocaust and the query of theodicy and offers with their corresponding reviews of Stalinism and Hegelian philosophy of background.

Sessler is going directly to give some thought to how Levinas and Camus could have contended with the principal political factor of our personal period, spiritual fundamentalism, and explicates the dualist nature of Israel and Algeria within the writings of Levinas and Camus.

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Extra resources for Lévinas and Camus : humanism for the 21st century

Sample text

His only virtue will lie in never yielding to the impulse to allow himself to be engulfed in the shadows which surround him and in ... dragging the chains of evil... towards the light of good ... the rebel... e. inter-sub] ectivity: terror and concentration camps are the drastic means used by man to escape solitude. If men kill one another ... they prove, at the same time, that they cannot dispense with mankind; they satisfy a terrible hunger for fraternity ... For thousands of solitary people the suffering of others bears witness to the need for others.

90 Levinas writes: 'The Other faces me and puts me in question and obliges me by his essence qua infinity ... the welcoming of a being that appears in the face, the ethical event ... the epiphany that is produced as a face ... "reveals" infinity ... ' Moreover, 'the face in which the other - the absolutely other - presents himself does not negate the same, does not do violence to it... it remains commensurate with him who welcomes. This presentation is pre-eminently non-violence, for instead of offending my freedom it calls it to responsibility and founds it.

Despite the unique accent given by its creator, it becomes a common heritage ... Whoever accepts it becomes its master, no less than the person who proposed it. 33 Political Nietzscheanism renounces the individualist calling to achieve 'self-overcoming' by virtue of achieving artistic, intellectual and overall existential excellence. e. from Zarathustrian superhuman self-mastery in amor fati to Hiderian dehumanizing self-effacement in Fuhrerprinzip. According to Camus, in Hitlerism 'all problems are thus military, posed in terms of power and efficiency.

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