Learning from Six Philosophers by Jonathan Bennett
By Jonathan Bennett
Jonathan Bennett engages with the idea of six nice thinkers of the early smooth interval: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Locke, Berkeley, and Hume. whereas no longer neglecting the ancient environment of every, his leader concentration is at the phrases they wrote. What challenge is being tackled? How precisely is the answer intended to paintings? Does it prevail? If no longer, why now not? What could be discovered from its good fortune or failure? For rookies to the early smooth scene, this essentially written paintings is a wonderful creation to it. these already within the be aware of can find out how to argue with the good philosophers of the previous, treating them as colleagues, antagonists, scholars, academics. during this moment quantity, Bennett specializes in the paintings of Locke, Berkeley, and Hume.
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He puts energy into denying the first; his rejection of the second is silent, but there are reasons for it in his work; and he seems to ignore the third without having good reasons for or against it. There remains one other possible view of space: namely, as a separator, relating to bodies as water does to fish swimming in it. Water does not relate to fish in the ‘container’ manner: no fish is co-located with any water; rather, a fish swims among the portions of water, pushing them aside as it moves; fish and water compete for places.
This is illustrated not only by Locke, but also by Descartes, who accepted a version of P and silently turned his back on S (§15). 14. The Fourth View: Space as a Separator We have looked at Descartes's treatment or neglect of three views of space: as a bulky nothing, as a substantial container, and as a structure of relations. He puts energy into denying the first; his rejection of the second is silent, but there are reasons for it in his work; and he seems to ignore the third without having good reasons for or against it.
If we ask Locke to prove that bodies must be absolutely impenetrable, he cannot answer us convincingly. He rightly treats impenetrability as an upshot of an underlying property. 1). Locke here introduces the concept of solidity as a theoretical one: solidity is that property—whatever it may be—the possession of which makes a body impenetrable. 6). I need hardly say that this will not do. Our concept of solidity has nothing to do with tactual sensations. Thus Locke assigns to our hands the primacy with solidity that Descartes accorded them with hardness.