Landscapes of the Islamic World. Archaeology, History, and by Stephen McPhillips, Paul D. Wordsworth

By Stephen McPhillips, Paul D. Wordsworth

Islamic societies of the previous have usually been characterised as city, with rural and different extra-urban landscapes forged in a lesser or assisting position within the experiences of Islamic heritage and archaeology. but all through background, the geographical region used to be usually an engine of financial job, the atmosphere for agricultural and technological innovation, and its population have been often brokers of social and political swap. The Islamic urban is more and more seen within the context of lengthy and complicated approaches of city improvement. Archaeological proof demands an both nuanced analyzing of transferring cultural and non secular practices in rural components after the center of the 7th century.
Landscapes of the Islamic global offers new paintings through twelve authors at the archaeology, background, and ethnography of the Islamic global within the heart East, the Arabian Peninsula, and important Asia. the gathering seems to be past the town to interact with the predominantly rural and pastoral personality of premodern Islamic society. Editors Stephen McPhillips and Paul D. Wordsworth workforce the essays into 4 thematic sections: harnessing and residing with water; agriculture, pastoralism, and rural subsistence; trade, construction, and the agricultural economic system; and circulation and reminiscence within the rural panorama. every one contribution addresses elements of extra-urban lifestyles in hard new methods, mixing archaeological fabric tradition, textual resources, and ethnography to build holistic stories of landscapes.

Modern agrarian practices and inhabitants development have speeded up the common destruction of immense tracts of historic, medieval, and early smooth landscapes, highlighting the urgency of scholarship during this box. This ebook makes an unique and demanding contribution to a starting to be topic region, and represents a step towards a extra inclusive knowing of the historic landscapes of Islam.

Contributors: Pernille Bangsgaard, Karin Bartl, Jennie N. Bradbury, Robin M. Brown, Alison L. Gascoigne, Ian W. N. Jones, Phillip G. Macumber, Daniel Mahoney, Stephen McPhillips, Astrid Meier, David C. Thomas, Bethany J. Walker, Alan Walmsley, Tony J. Wilkinson, Paul D. Wordsworth, Lisa Yeomans.

Stephen McPhillips teaches within the division of Cross-Cultural and local experiences on the college of Copenhagen.

Paul D. Wordsworth is a member of the school of Oriental experiences on the college of Oxford.

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A number of wells established at Murayr close to the earlier fort were sunk in an area of marine terrace close to the sabkha edge. The groundwater was varyingly brackish but would have been suitable for stock and domestic supplies. However, the more southerly Murayr wells also span the marine-bedrock boundary, and it is likely that potable water was obtained from these bedrock wells by skimming the fresh water from the top of the freshwater lens above the brackish water (Fig. 4). This approach requires careful management and imposes strict limits on the amount of water extracted.

Tabak, Faruk. 2008. The Waning of the Mediterranean, 1550–1870: A Geohistorical Approach. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Thoumin, Richard. 1934. ” Bulletin d’études orientales 4: 1–26. ———. 1936. Géographie humaine de la Syrie centrale. Paris: Ernest Leroux. Trentmann, Frank. 2009. ” Journal of British Studies 48: 283–307. Tresse, René. 1929. ” Revue des études islamiques 3: 461– 574. 16 16:44 Ottoman Water Administration van Staëvel, Jean-Pierre. 2001. ” Annales Islamologiques 35: 627–62.

12. ” 13. For an explanation of the terminology used in this article, see below. For general introductions to the hydrologic vocabulary in use at the time, see Sha‘bān (1997–98: 87–96); Khayr (1966: 160–61), Thoumin (1936: 76, 83–86), and Tresse (1929: 474–525). 16 16:44 Ottoman Water Administration 14. Drawings of openings, MSD 144/161/286 (18 Dhū l-Qa‘da 1167); ‘Aṭṭār (1984: 35–36); Thoumin (1936: 76). 15.  wa-aḥjār al-basā takūnu mutabā‘ida akthar mimmā fi l-mazāzāt al-‘ādiyya), in Zakariyyā (1957: vol.

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