Kyrgyzstan: social protection in a reforming economy by World Bank

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Sample text

For example, WHO guidelines for the treatment of acute respiratory infections should be introduced urgently. The promotion of prolonged breast feeding, rehydration therapy and proper use of antibiotics should be encouraged to combat diarrheal diseases. More focus should be put on preventive care to reduce maternal mortality, and the number of abortions performed should be reduced through the improved availability of reproductive health services. Careful monitoring needs to be made of the nutritional status of children.

The Pension Fund needs to be allowed new opportunities for the management of funds, all agencies involved in benefit delivery should be computerized, complex formulae used for the calculation of benefits should be simplified, and the existing duplication of collection structures for cash benefits should also be simplified. There may be advantages in bringing together the administration of all forms of social insurance (for pensions, for unemployment compensation, and for sickness and disability payments), and consideration could be given to the establishment of a Social (Insurance) Fund for this purpose, 3/ though care should be taken to avoid duplication of payment systems, creation of unnecessary bureaucracies.

More use should be made of shorter courses and evening programs provided within a concept of continued, lifelong education and training. Advisory committees should be established to advise on the design of training programs, and generalized stipends in training schools should be gradually phased out. In addition, the establishment of private training schools should be encouraged and their role expanded. There should be a gradual increase in resources for the provision of training materials and equipment, maintenance and repair, and selective capital investment.

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