Islamic History (The Islamic World) by Britannica Educational Publishing

By Britannica Educational Publishing

What are the percepts of Shari'ah legislations? What function did Genghis Khan play in Islamic heritage? How do the lessons of the Qur'an mesh with these of different spiritual texts? Islamic historical past is a part of a three booklet sequence. during this robust, probing, and thought-provoking sequence, the area of Islam is explored and defined. With insurance from worldwide and around the centuries, every one publication presents a radical check out the faith with approximately billion adherents world wide. Readers will strengthen a complete figuring out of this highly wealthy religion and its contributions to international tradition and heritage. they'll achieve entry to actual principles and ideas, which regrettably were slightly distorted by way of fresh occasions that have been conducted within the identify of Islam.

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Such is popular devotion to Ali that Najaf is the third most visited site in Islam, after Mecca and Medina, despite the fact that Shi’a make up only a little more than one tenth of the world’s Muslims. Here, the pilgrims kiss the sacred walls and mourn Ali’s passing almost 1,400 years ago. Just as the tomb of Ali outshines Qom’s shrine to Fatemeh Masoumeh, the sister of the Eighth Imam who fell ill in eastern Iran during the early ninth century and asked to be buried among the local Shi’a, so, too, can Najaf’s supreme religious authorities, represented in the person of Grand Ayatollah Ali Sistani, be seen in something of a superior light.

Among the Sunni, in contrast, the emphasis has been on the reports of the Prophet’s closest aides, Companions, and wives, as well as the comprehensive edifice of Sunni religious law, codified throughout the centuries by several competing legal schools, or madhabs. It is this divergence in interpretation and realization of proper Islamic practice, then, that lies at the center of the religious divide between Sunni and Shi’a. Moreover, the former hold their rivals responsible for splintering the ummah and thus weakening the community from the outset.

The Sixth Imam, Jafar al Sadeq, a scholarly figure who codified Shi’a holy law and traditions known later as the Jafari School, spelled out the unique status of the 37 38 the new sectarianism Holy Family—​composed of the Prophet, his daughter Fatemeh, his son-​ in-​law Ali, and the 11 Imams: “God created the spirits [of men] two thousand years before their bodies. ”35 The men of the Prophet’s House are, collectively, the Twelve Imams of what is today the most numerous branch of the Shi’a, known as Twelver or Imami Shi’a.

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