Islam and the Abolition of Slavery by William Gervase Clarence-Smith

By William Gervase Clarence-Smith

Contemporay debates approximately Muslim slavery happen in a context of fierce polemics among Islam and different trust structures. whereas Islamic teams had an ambivalent and customarily muted impression at the felony repudiation of slavery, a starting to be spiritual dedication to abolition was once crucial if laws used to be to be enforced within the 20th century. Drawing on examples from the entire 'abode' of Islam, from the Philipines to Senegal and from the Caucasus to South Africa,Gervase Clarence-Smith levels around the heritage of Islam, paying specific consciousness to the interval from the overdue 18th century to the current. He indicates that "sharia-minded" makes an attempt to accomplish nearer adherence to the holy legislations limited slavery, whether they didn't finish it. besides the fact that, the sharia itself was once now not as transparent concerning the legality of servitude as is generally assumed, and innovative students in the faculties of legislations may also have completed complete emancipation over the longer term. The effect of mystical and millenarian Islam was once contradictory, sometimes delivering a supportive schedule of freedom, yet in different circumstances inflicting nice surges of enslavement. The revisionist Islam that emerged from the 18th century used to be divided. "Fundamentalists" under pressure the literal fact of the founding texts of Islam, and hence chanced on it tough to desert slavery thoroughly. "Modernists,' attractive to the spirit instead of to the letter of scripture, spawned the main radical competitors of slavery, significantly Sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan, the Islamic William Wilberforce. as soon as slavery had disappeared, it used to be the Sufi mystics who did so much to combine former slaves socially and religiously, keeping off the deep social divisions that experience plagued Western societies within the aftermath of abolition. during this very important new publication, Clarence-Smith offers the 1st common survey of the Islamic debate on slavery. Sweeping away entrenched myths, he hopes to stimulate extra examine in this ignored subject, thereby contributing to therapeutic the spiritual rifts that threaten to rip our global aside within the twenty first century.

Show description

Read Online or Download Islam and the Abolition of Slavery PDF

Similar islam books

So Vast the Prison: A Novel

Writer observe: Betsy Wing (Translator)
------------------

So enormous the criminal is the double-threaded tale of a contemporary, proficient Algerian girl latest in a man's society, and, now not strangely, residing a lifetime of contradictions. Djebar, too, tackles cross-cultural concerns simply by writing in French of an Arab society (the real act of writing contrasting with the robust oral traditions of the indigenous culture), as a girl who has visible revolution in a now post-colonial state, and as an Algerian dwelling in exile.

In this new novel, Djebar brilliantly performs those contradictions opposed to the bloody heritage of Carthage, an exceptional civilization the Berbers have been as soon as in comparison to, and makes it either a tribute to the lack of Berber tradition and a meeting-point of tradition and language. because the tale of 1 woman's event in Algeria, it's a inner most story, yet one embedded in an enormous history.

A appreciably singular voice on the planet of literature, Assia Djebar's paintings finally reaches past the details of Algeria to include, in stark but sensuous language, the common subject matters of violence, intimacy, ostracism, victimization, and exile.

The Victors and the Vanquished: Christians and Muslims of Catalonia and Aragon, 1050-1300

This revisionary research of Muslims residing less than Christian rule throughout the Spanish "reconquest" delves into the subtleties of id less than the thirteenth-century Crown rule of Aragon. Brian Catlos uncovers a social dynamic within which sectarian changes contain just one of the various elements within the causal complicated of political, fiscal and cultural reactions.

The Challenge of Pluralism: Paradigms from Muslim Contexts (Exploring Muslim Contexts)

Present renowned and educational discussions are inclined to determine assumptions relating to Islam and its loss of compatibility with notions of pluralism. a few famous liberal thinkers have even argued that pluralism itself is inherently antithetical to Islam. This quantity intends to deal with those assumptions via bringing readability to a couple of its key suppositions and conjectures.

Recovering the Female Voice in Islamic Scripture: Women and Silence

Protest is an job now not linked to the pious and collectively-minded, yet extra usually obvious as an task of the liberal and rebellious. Judaism, Christianity and Islam are more often than not understood as paragons of submission and obedience following Abraham's instance. but, the scriptures of all 3 faiths are based within the prophets protesting wrongs within the social order.

Additional info for Islam and the Abolition of Slavery

Sample text

Garrett Dejong considered that, 'the abolition of slavery would mean an upsetting of the entire system of Islam'. Even contemporary authors follow this line. J o h n Hunwick and Eve Troutt Powell aver that, 'there was never any formal movement for the abolition of slavery, or even the suppression of the slave trade, i n the Muslim world'. Rodney Stark affirms that, 'the fundamental problem facing Muslim theologians vis-a-vis the morality of slavery is that Muhammad bought, sold, captured and owned slaves'.

During the Egyptian cotton boom of the 1860s and 1870s, triggered by the Civil War in the United States, even modest Egyptian peasants bought slaves. Apart from field work, they performed domestic tasks or corvee for the state, while Circassian concubines became status symbols. Anatolian agrarian prosperity rested to some extent on Black and Circassian field slaves, and there was scarcely an Iraqi family or middling Muslim household i n India without a slave. 'Smallholder slavery' was generally most intense on the Islamic frontier.

B o n o 1964: 96-9; Clissold 1977: 35. M o n l a u 1964: 61-4, 67, 70, 92-3, 97-8; B o n o 1964: 101-3; Deardon 1976: 15-16. M o n l a u 1964: 53, 57-8; B o n o 1964: 92-4, Clissold 1977: 6; Colley 2002: 44-5. Clissold 1977: 101. M o n l a u 1964: 75. B o n o 1964: 91-2, 100, 256-66; Clissold 1977: 6, 93-8. Pennell 1989: 45-6. 30 A Fragile Sunni Consensus war on France in 1681, he informed Marseilles merchants that they were still welcome to come and buy slaves. Kidnapping and raiding were far more common than holy war i n Southeast Asia, although some authors have graced Moro naval raids from the southern Philippines with the name of jihads.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.17 of 5 – based on 40 votes