Infrastructure to 2030: Telecom, Land Transport, Water and by Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD
By Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development OECD
Power, shipping, water and telecommunications all are necessary to destiny improvement and growth. However, infrastructure funding requisites over the arrival many years might be tremendous, operating into trillions of dollars. How will the wanted investsments be financed, provided that OECD populations are growing old quickly and public funds tightening? How will such elements as urbanisation, weather switch and globalisation impact the improvement of infrastructures in OECD nations? and the way will the position of the general public zone and personal actors evolve through the years? those are only a number of the questions this OECD file addresses in this long-term evaluation of the way forward for infrastructures in either OECD and non-OECD nations.
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Extra resources for Infrastructure to 2030: Telecom, Land Transport, Water and Electricity
However, it is highly unpredictable. One can only speculate on the direction it might take in the coming decades and its possible impact on infrastructure requirements. R eg a rd i ng t el eco m , B oh lin et al . note that liberalisation and democratisation have had an enormous impact in the past on the ownership, structuring and operation of telecom networks, on the quality and reliability of service, on the nature and range of the offerings, and on accessibility. In INFRASTRUCTURE TO 2030: TELECOM, LAND TRANSPORT, WATER AND ELECTRICITY – ISBN 92-64-02398-4 – © OECD 2006 45 1.
As Ashley and Cashman note, there is a growing need for effective regulatory oversight, no matter how services are provided, and a need for central government to continue to play a strategic role, especially with respect to social, environmental and fiscal policy direction. The potential challenges for regulation are likely to increase as new technology is adopted and organisational forms respond to its deployment. It could well be that responsibilities in the area of service delivery become blurred, requiring a greater level of governance to protect the public.
On the downside, the spread of such local systems might eventually put considerable strain on the frequency spectrum. In the case of water, a number of drivers such as environmental pressures (drought, floods, pollution), security concerns and mounting operating costs will create opportunities for recycling water and creating local loops. This model is likely to apply primarily to the urban and rural residential users as well as to industry. In the near term, developed countries could be the main users because the upfront investment will be borne by the end user and they need to have access to sophisticated technologies such as biotechnologies.