Idealism and Objectivity: Understanding Fichte's Jena by Wayne M. Martin

By Wayne M. Martin

This publication bargains a brand new interpretation of Fichte's Jena approach, focusing specifically at the challenge of the objectivity of recognition. The Jena approach, the writer argues, got down to boost an account of the constitutive constructions of subjectivity in advantage of which wide awake states have target content material. it truly is within the context of this undertaking that Fichte's important philosophical strategies has to be understood: his account of the acts of “self-positing” and “opposing”; his assault at the factor in itself; the advance of a dialectical method in transcendental inquiry; and his daring statement of the “primacy of practice.”

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Sample text

Minds, in a tradition deriving from Aristotle, were thought to reflect things. This is not to say that minds were supposed to see naturally into the truths of their perceptions; but that the perceptions themselves were assumed to be, literally and entirely, real (from Latin res, thing). I will call this the speculative view (from Latin speculum, mirror). Sir Francis Bacon, the new Aristotle of seventeenth-century England, did not displace or revise the speculative assumption, but adapted and deployed it.

20 We need to try to recognize (without falling down another philological hole) that Shannon’s canonization of the message-concept was neither inevitable nor unprompted. Rather, it was a function of the communicative vectors that Shannon saw all around him, among which he had grown up, and on which he worked. Conduits and filaments, attenuated yet restrictive, connecting people and places at ever greater distances and with ever greater efficacy—via phone and television, as they had earlier by radio, as they had earlier still by telegraph, earlier yet still by pneumatic tube.

Polite stereotyped utterances,” he writes, such as “Happy Birthday” or “Congratulations on the birth of your child,” “carry very little information”: The telegraph company has taken advantage of this fact by listing on its telegraph blanks some 100 stereotyped messages for use in appropriate stereotyped situations. The customer chooses a message, and the signal transmitted by the telegraph company contains only the few symbols necessary to identify the particular message which has been chosen.

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